Late Devonian Sequence and Event Stratigraphy Across the Frasnian-Famennian (F-F) Boundary, Utah and Nevada

  • Jared R. Morrow
  • Charles A. Sandberg
Part of the Topics in Geobiology book series (TGBI, volume 21)

The biostratigraphy, sedimentology, sequence stratigraphy, and geochemistry of the late Frasnian (F-F) mass extinction, one of the five largest in the Phanerozoic record (Sepkoski, 1982, 1996), have been studied intensely during the past two decades. Short-term, step-wise extinction prior to and at the F-F boundary is associated with an abrupt reduction in global biomass and loss of up to 82% of marine tropical to subtropical species (Jablonski, 1991). The crisis simultaneously affected genetically and ecologically diverse groups of planktic, benthic, and nektic organisms representing virtually all trophic levels of the tropical marine biosphere.

These biologic changes were superimposed on a backdrop of rapid sealevel fluctuations, marked intervals of anoxic and dysoxic marine sedimentation, and significant increases in organic carbon burial and recycling accompanying major worldwide excursions or spikes in the geochemical record (e.g., Buggisch, 1972, 1991; Sandberg et al., 1988; Goodfellow et al., 1989a, 1989b; Joachimski and Buggisch, 1993, 2000, 2002; Wang et al., 1996; Joachimski, 1997; Bratton et al., 1999; Joachimski et al., 2002).

Keywords

Sedimentation Lime Hematite Ordovician Bedding 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media B.V 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jared R. Morrow
    • 1
  • Charles A. Sandberg
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Earth SciencesUniversity of Northern ColoradoGreeley
  2. 2.U.S. Geological SurveyDenver

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