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Emerging Academic Identities: A New Research And Policy Agenda

  • Elaine El-Khawas
Part of the Higher Education Dynamics book series (HEDY, volume 24)

The academic profession has encountered significant change during the last few decades. In countries around the world, numerous studies have documented changing conditions of academic work and new types of academic appointments. Several cross-national surveys and studies (Boyer et al. 1994; Altbach 1996, 2003; Enders 2001) have shown that these trends, with differing specific circumstances, have taken place in both mature and developing systems of higher education.

In general, analysts have seen such changes as a negative development. Articles in international education journals have documented evidence of a loss of morale and dissatisfaction with working conditions, based on surveys or interviews with academics in different countries. Broader issues have also been raised, especially adecline in the previously high social status accorded to members of the professoriate(Halsey 1992; Altbach 2003) and the coercive influence of new pressures foracademics to engage in commercial and entrepreneurial endeavours (Slaughter and Leslie 1997; Rhoades 1998). Concern has been raised about a resulting confusion in the basis for academic identity and a potential weakening of the professoriate's attraction to a rising generation of talent (Henkel 2000, 2002; Musselin 2005).

Keywords

Academic Staff Academic Career Academic Work Academic Life High Education Policy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media B.V 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elaine El-Khawas
    • 1
  1. 1.George Washington UniversityUK

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