Protocol for Economic Impact Evaluation of IPM Programs

  • George W. Norton
  • Scott M. Swinton


The purpose of this chapter is to describe steps that can be followed to assess economic impacts of IPM. These steps are well established for evaluating user and society level profitability. The protocol is less agreed upon for evaluating the economic value of health and environmental impacts, but this chapter highlights steps in applying a non-market valuation technique for that purpose. Economic impacts of IPM are felt by IPM users, members of their households, and society at large. IPM programs are undertaken to provide information to users, scientists, funding agencies, and the general public. Prior to any economic impact assessment, it is necessary to define the principal audience(s) and the types of impact of interest. Once that is accomplished, a protocol can be followed for economic assessment of IPM impacts that includes five components: (1) defining IPM measures, (2) measuring IPM adoption, (3) assessing user-level economic effects, (4) assessing market effects, and (5) estimating health and environmental (non-market) impacts. We described these components and then indicate briefly a process for assessing impacts of IPM on poverty. A sample budget form, baseline survey questionnaire, and a spreadsheet for calculating economic surplus are provided. A model is described for assessing the extent of IPM adoption.


Economic impact evaluation IPM baseline survey 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • George W. Norton
    • 1
  • Scott M. Swinton
  1. 1.Agricultural and Applied EconomicsVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State UniversityBlacksburgUSA

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