Advertisement

A Motor Vehicle Safety Planning Support System: The Houston Experience

  • Ned Levine
Part of the The GeoJournal Library book series (GEJL, volume 95)

Planning Support Systems (PSS) have long been used for motor vehicle safety in order to improve roadways or implement programs for drivers. Usually called crash information systems, traffic safety specialists have long assumed that improvements come about through timely information on motor vehicle crashes and analysis of that information. Frequently referred to as a ‘data driven’ methodology, the analysis of motor vehicle crashes is the basis upon which many, if not most, improvements to the traffic system have come about in the USA, Europe and elsewhere. In the last decade, the use of geographic information systems (GIS) has brought a much needed spatial dimension to crash analysis and widened the analytical and policy tools available for safety planners and traffic engineers.

Keywords

Geographic Information System Traffic Safety Motor Vehicle Crash Federal Highway Safety Planning 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. AECOM Consulting Transportation Group, Bellomo-McGee and Levine, N. and Associates (2002) Considering Safety in the Transportation Planning Process, Federal Highway Administration, U.S. Department of Transportation, Washington. www.tmip.fhwa.dot.gov/clearinghouse/docs/safety/.
  2. Baxter, J.R. (2006) Federal goals for safety planning, Presentation at the 1st Annual Regional Safety Conference, Houston-Galveston Area Council, Houston. www.hgactrans.org/safety/safetyconferenceslides.htm.
  3. Benz, R. (2006) Proposed regional web-based crash analysis tools, Presentation at the 1st Annual Regional Safety Conference, Houston-Galveston Area Council, Houston. www.hgactrans.org/safety/safetyconferenceslides.htm.
  4. Best, B. (2007) Causes of Death, Ben Best.com. www.benbest.com/lifeext/causes.html.
  5. Borchardt, D. and Corder, S. (2006) Truck lane restrictions in Texas , Presentation at the 1st Annual Regional Safety Conference, Houston-Galveston Area Council, Houston. www.hgactrans.org/safety/safetyconferenceslides.htm.
  6. Canter, P., Lu, W. and Levine, N. (2005) The use of crime travel demand modeling for drunk driver interdiction in Baltimore County, Presentation at the 8th Annual Crime Mapping Research Conference, Savanah, GA, National Institute of Justice, Washington, DC. www.ojp.usdoj.gov/nij/maps/savannah2005/papers/Canter.ppt.
  7. Chakiris, G.S. (2006) National highway safety priorities, Presentation at the 1st Annual Regional Safety Conference, Houston-Galveston Area Council, Houston. www.hgactrans.org/safety/safetyconferenceslides.htm.
  8. Copeland, K. (2006) Impaired driving: a serious problem for Texas and America , Presentation at the 1st Annual Regional Safety Conference, Houston-Galveston Area Council, Houston. www.hgactrans.org/safety/safetyconferenceslides.htm.
  9. Curry, T.D. (2006) Improving freight safety enforcement efforts in the City of Houston, Presentation at the 1st Annual Regional Safety Conference, Houston-Galveston Area Council, Houston. www.hgactrans.org/safety/safetyconferenceslides.htm.
  10. Davies, B.T. (2006) Impediments to efforts to reduce impaired driving in Texas, Presentation at the 1st Annual Regional Safety Conference, Houston-Galveston Area Council, Houston. www.hgactrans.org/safety/safetyconferenceslides.htm.
  11. DHHS (2006) Health, United States, 2006, Centers for Disease Control and National Center for Health Statistics, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Washington. www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/bv.fcgi?rid=healthus04.TOC; www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/bv.fcgi?rid=healthus06.TOC.
  12. DPS (2007) Crash Records Bureau, Department of Public Safety, State of Texas, Austin. www.txdps.state.tx.us/administration/driver_licensing_control/arb.htm.
  13. DSA (2005) Multi-Country Per Capita and VMT/VKmT Fatality Data for 2004, Drive & Stay Alive, Inc, Williamsville. www.driveandstayalive.com/info%20section/statistics/stats-multicountry-percapita-2004.htm.
  14. FHWA (1981) Highway Safety Improvement Program (HSIP) User's Manual, FHWA-TS-81-218, National Highway Institute, Federal Highway Administration, U.S. Department of Transportation, Washington.Google Scholar
  15. FHWA (1999) Conditions and Performance Report Appendix F – Federal Highway Safety Planning and Improvement Programs: State and Community Highway Safety Grants, Federal Highway Administration, Washington. www.fhwa.dot.gov/////policy/1999cpr/ap_f/cpxf)4.htm.
  16. Henk, R. (2006) Teens in the driving seat program , Presentation at the 1st Annual Regional Safety Conference, Houston-Galveston Area Council, Houston. www.hgactrans.org/safety/safetyconferenceslides.htm.
  17. H-GAC (2004) East End Safety Study February 2004, Houston-Galveston Area Council, Houston. www.h-gac.com/taq/planning/default.aspx.
  18. H-GAC (2006) Facts about Red Light Running Crashes: 1999–2001, Houston-Galveston Area Council, Houston. www.h-gac.com/taq/planning/default.aspx.
  19. H-GAC (2007a) Studies and Presentations, Houston-Galveston Area Council, Houston. www.h-gac.com/taq/planning/default.aspx.
  20. H-GAC (2007b) State of Safety in the Region: Report of the Regional Safety Council for 2007, Edited by Levine, N., Houston-Galveston Area Council, Houston. www.h-gac.com/taq/planning/default.aspx.
  21. IIHS (2005) Fatality Facts 2005: Teenagers, Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, VA, www.iihs.org/research/fatality_facts/teenagers.html.
  22. IIHS(2007) Q & A: Red Light Cameras, Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, VA. www.iihs.org/research/qanda/rlr.html.
  23. Jacobs, G.D. (1986) Road accident fatality rates in developing countries a reappraisal, In PTRC Summer Annual Meeting, University of Sussex, 14–17 July 1986, Proceedings of Seminar H. London, PTRC Education and Research Services, pp. 107–119. www.transport-links. org/transport_links/filearea/publications/1_603_PA1164_1986.pdf.
  24. Levine, N. (2006a) Houston, Texas, metropolitan traffic safety planning program, Transportation Research Record, 1969: 92–100.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Levine, N. (ed.) (2006b) Conducting hot spot analysis of motor vehicle crashes, Presentation at the 1st Annual Regional Safety Conference, Houston-Galveston Area Council, Houston. www.hgactrans.org/safety/safetyconferenceslides.htm.
  26. Levine, N. (2007) CrimeStat III: A Spatial Statistics Program for the Analysis of Crime Incident Locations (version 3.1), Ned Levine & Associates, Houston, National Institute of Justice, Washington. www.icpsr.umich.edu/crimestat.
  27. Levine, N. and Kim, K.E. (1999) The spatial location of motor vehicle accidents: a methodology for geocoding intersections, Computers, Environment, and Urban Systems, 22(6): 557–576.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Levine, N., Kim, K.E. and Nitz, L.H. (1995a) Spatial analysis of Honolulu motor vehicle crashes: I Spatial patterns, Accident Analysis & Prevention, 27(5): 663–674.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Levine, N., Kim, K.E. and Nitz, L.H. (1995b) Spatial analysis of Honolulu motor vehicle crashes: II Generators of crashes, Accident Analysis & Prevention, 27(5): 675–685.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. MADD (2007) Mothers Against Drunk Driving. www.madd.org.
  31. NationMaster.com (2007) Health Statistics: Motor Vehicle Deaths (latest available) by Country. www.nationmaster.com/graph/hea_mot_veh_deahealthmotorvehicledeaths.
  32. NCHRP (2005) Crash Records Systems: A Synthesis of Highway Practice, National Cooperative Highway Research Program Synthesis 350, Transportation Research Board: Washington.Google Scholar
  33. NHTSA (1997) 4313FA Crash Outcome Data Evaluation System (CODES), National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, U.S. Department of Transportation, Washington. www.nhtsa.dot.gov/search97cgi/s97_cgi.exe.
  34. NHTSA(2007) Comparison of Crash Fatalities by Gender and Year from 1996 to 2005, Traffic Safety Facts, DOT-HS-810-780, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Washington. www.nhtsa.gov/portal/nhtsa_static_file_downloader.jsp?file=/staticfiles/DOT/NHTSA/NCSA/Content/RNotes/2007/810759.pdf.
  35. NHTSA and GHSA (2006) Countermeasures That Work: A Highway Safety Countermeasure Guide for State Highway Safety Offices, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration and the Governor's Highway Safety Association, Washington.Google Scholar
  36. NSC (2007) Injury Facts: 2007 Edition, National Safety Council, Itasca. www.nsc.org/lrs/statinfo/estcost.htm.
  37. Peden, M., McGee, K. and Krug, E. (eds.) (2002) Injury: A Leading Cause of the Global Burden of Disease, World Health Organization, Geneva. www.who.int/violence_injury_prevention/publications/other_injury/injury/en.
  38. Roth, R. (2006) Effective and ineffective laws to reduce drunk driving, Presentation at the 1st Annual Regional Safety Conference, Houston-Galveston Area Council, Houston. www.hgactrans.org/safety/safetyconferenceslides.htm.
  39. Schultz, J. (2001) Gun and Go: analyzing red light running, Quest 4(2): June. www.odu.edu/ao/instadv/quest/gunandgo.html.
  40. Scotland (1998) Road Accidents Scotland 1998, Scottish Executive, Edinburgh. www.scotland.gov.uk/library2/doc05/ras-10.htm
  41. Stein, R. and Dahnke, R. (2006) Design evaluations of red light camera programs, Presentation at the 1st Annual Regional Safety Conference, Houston-Galveston Area Council, Houston. www.hgactrans.org/safety/safetyconferenceslides.htm.
  42. Washington, S., Van Schalkwyk, I., Mitra, S., Meyer, M., Dumbaugh, E. and Zoll, M. (2006) Incorporating Safety into Long-Range Transportation Planning, NCHRP Report 546, National Cooperative Highway Research Program, Transportation Research Board, Washington. www.onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/nchrp/nchrp_rpt_546.pdf.
  43. Wise, C. (2006) MADD's strategic direction and new campaign to eliminate drunk driving, Presentation at the 1st Annual Regional Safety Conference, Houston-Galveston Area Council, Houston. www.hgactrans.org/safety/safetyconferenceslides.htm.

Additional Reading

  1. AECOM Consulting Transportation Group, Bellomo-McGee and Ned Levine & Associates (2002) Considering Safety in the Transportation Planning Process, Federal Highway Administration, U.S. Department of Transportation, Washington, DC. www.tmip.fhwa.dot.gov/clearinghouse/docs/safety/.
  2. FHWA (2007) Reducing Highway Fatalities, Federal Highway Administration, U.S. Department of Transportation, Washington, DC. www.safety.fhwa.dot.gov/.
  3. FHWA (2007b) What is Transportation Safety Planning? Federal Highway Administration, U.S. Department of Transportation, Washington, DC. www.fhwa.dot.gov/planning/SCP/.
  4. FHWA/FTA (2005) Safety Conscious Planning Peer Exchange. Transportation Planning Capacity Building Program, Southeast Michigan Council of Government, the Federal Highway Administration and Federal Transit Administration. www.planning.dot.gov/Peer/Michigan/detroitSafety.htm.
  5. H-GAC (2007) State of Safety in the Region: Report of the Regional Safety Council for 2007, Levine, N. (ed.), Houston-Galveston Area Council, Houston. www.h-gac.com/taq/planning/default.aspx.
  6. NHTSA (2007) 2006 Traffic Safety Fact Sheets, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, U.S. Department of Transportation, Washington, DC. www.nhtsa.dot.gov/portal/site/nhtsa/menuitem.6a6eaf83cf719ad24ec86e10dba046a0/.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ned Levine
    • 1
  1. 1.Ned Levine & AssociatesHoustonUSA

Personalised recommendations