Seaquakes: Analysis of Phenomena and Modelling

The main manifestations of seaquakes and possible consequences of this phenomenon are described. The seaquake intensity scale is given. Historical evidence of seaquakes, originating in the Pacific Ocean and in the Mediterranean Sea, has been collected and analysed. Information is presented on instrumental observations of variations in the temperature fields in the ocean after submarine earthquakes. The possibility is estimated for a submarine earthquake to result in destruction of the temperature stratification in the ocean. Theoretical ideas of the parametric generation of surface waves, due to an underwater earthquake, are expounded. The results are described of laboratory experiments, devoted to the investigation of wave structures on the surface of a liquid and of the transformation of stable stratification in its column, in the case of bottom oscillations.

Keywords

Underwater earthquak seaquake Faraday ripples stratification vertical exchange SST anomaly internal waves biogenes upwelling sea colour historical testimony turbulence mixing parametric resonance non-linear currents weather phenomena turbulence energy earthquake energy Mathieu equation instability increment experimental set-up bottom oscillations dynamic modes dissipative structures temperature profile turbulent exchange coefficient shadow method 

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