Coffee-Associated Meloidogyne spp. – Ecology and Interaction with Plants

  • Ricardo M. Souza
  • Ricardo Bressan-Smith


This chapter reviews the basic biology of coffee-parasitic root-knot nematodes (RKNs), Meloidogyne spp., their interaction with environmental factors, epidemiology-related issues and interaction with coffee plants at the cellular, tissue and physiological levels. For most of these topics, the available information is largely restricted to M. exigua; some information exists for M. incognita and M. konaensis. More specifically, this review examines the literature on RKNs’ thermal requirements, the influence of soil, host and climate factors on nematode population fluctuation, sampling strategies, damage threshold and epidemiology of RKNs, complex diseases involving M. arabicida and M. incognita, and physiological alterations caused on parasitized coffee plants.


Physiology of parasitism histopathology epidemiology life cycle population fluctuation 


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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ricardo M. Souza
    • 1
  • Ricardo Bressan-Smith
  1. 1.Universidade Estadual do Norte Fluminense Darcy Ribeiro/CCTA/LEFCampos dos GoytacazesBrazil

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