Environment and Biodiversity

  • Richard A. Fuller
  • Jamie Tratalos
  • Philip H. Warren
  • Richard G. Davies
  • Aleksandra Pępkowska
  • Kevin J. Gaston
Chapter
Part of the Future City book series (FUCI, volume 2)

Abstract

Research over many decades has documented numerous environmental effects of urbanization, ranging from the loss and reconfiguration of green space to dramatic changes in ecosystems and biodiversity. Rather less is known about how urban form, in particular the density of urban development, alters environmental patterns and processes within cities. Investigation of the relationships between urban form and environmental structure and performance is an important issue in the urban sustainability debate and here we use that work to illustrate some of the key ideas in this newly emerging field. After outlining the general effects of urbanization on environment and biodiversity, we then consider in turn the relationships between urban form and patterns of green space, the degree to which urban environments can provide useful ecosystem services to human populations, and finally the responses of biodiversity to urban development

Keywords

Biomass Depression Europe Photosynthesis Compaction 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We are grateful for generous assistance, discussion and/or comments from N. Burke, C. Dennis, N. Doar, I. Fishburn, C. Gascoigne, J. Glasscock, K. Irvine, P. Johnson, C. Jones, D. Knight, D. Lewis, and J. Vulliamy. Ordnance Survey kindly provided MasterMap data under license to the CityForm consortium. K.J.G. holds a Royal Society-Wolfson Research Merit Award.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard A. Fuller
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jamie Tratalos
    • 3
  • Philip H. Warren
    • 4
  • Richard G. Davies
    • 5
    • 6
  • Aleksandra Pępkowska
    • 7
    • 8
  • Kevin J. Gaston
    • 9
  1. 1.The Ecology CentreUniversity of QueenslandBrisbaneAustralia
  2. 2.Department of Animal and Plant SciencesUniversity of SheffieldSheffieldUK
  3. 3.Department of Animal and Plant SciencesUniversity of SheffieldSheffieldUK
  4. 4.Department of Animal and Plant SciencesUniversity of SheffieldSheffieldUK
  5. 5.School of Biological SciencesUniversity of East AngliaNorwichUK
  6. 6.Department of Animal and Plant SciencesUniversity of SheffieldSheffieldUK
  7. 7.Institute of Nature ConservationKrakowPoland
  8. 8.Department of Animal and Plant SciencesUniversity of SheffieldSheffieldUK
  9. 9.Biodiversity & Macroecology Group, Department of Animal and Plant SciencesUniversity of SheffieldSheffieldUK

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