International Cooperation of FMBA RF Aimed at Radiation Safety Assurance in Northwest Russia When Solving Nuclear Legacy Challenges
Nuclear power engineering development is an important success of the mankind. Nevertheless, despite its great benefit, management of the ionizing radiation sources results in a number of problems. One of the relevant challenges is connected with assurance of human and environmental protection against ionizing radiation and radionuclides resulted from nuclear reactions.
Now, in the light of intensive development of nuclear power engineering and taking account of increasing amount of States possessing technologies of the fissionable atom management, the radiation protection problem is more relevant. The significance of this problem increases when we talk about the future of the mankind and about health preservation of our offspring.
The international community recognizes its responsibility in this issue in full, and takes actions for organization of cooperation between the States and international organizations directed to safety improvement of the spent nuclear fuel (SNF) and radioactive waste (RW) management. The projects being implemented within the “Agreement on Multilateral Nuclear Environmental Program in the Russian Federation” serve as a positive example of such cooperation. This Agreement became a logical continuation of the initiative accepted by the Scandinavian countries and Russia under the name the “Northern Dimension Environmental Partnership”.
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