The paper provides a short historical overview of creation, usage and current radiation and hydrologic status of the Techa reservoir cascade. The analysis is given of the reservoir water balance, main water flows and sources of radionuclide filtration inflow from the TRC into the open hydrographic system of the Techa river.
It is demonstrated that the main problem of the TRC usage is related to the general tendency of water level growth in the reservoirs, which results in the increase of radionuclide inflow into the Techa river with filtration drains and forms additional hydrostatic load on the dam of the end cascade reservoir R-11.
Different options increasing safety of the TRC use currently implemented and planned for the future are analyzed.
- Techa reservoir cascade
- radioactive contamination
- Muslyumovo settlement
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liquid radioactive waste
Techa reservoir cascade
sum of plutonium isotopes
hydraulic engineering structures
solid radioactive waste
Joint Norwegian-Russian Expert Group, Malyshev S V, Vakulovsky S M, Drozhko E G, Romanov G N, Glagolenko Yu V, Mokrov Yu G, Westerlund E A, Amundsen I, Strand P, Salbu B, Oughton D H, Christensen G C, Bergan T S (1997) Sources contributing to radioactive contamination of the Techa River and areas surrounding the “MAYAK” production association, Urals, Russia. Osteras: 134.
Joint Norwegian-Russian Expert Group, Malyshev S V, Glagolenko Yu V, Drozhko E G, Mokrov Yu G, Romanov G N, Stukalov P M, Vakulovsky S M, Novitsky M A, Amundsen I, Strand P, Bergan T S, Kozlov R, Iosjpe M, Standring W J F, Bborghuis S, Salbu B, Oughton D H, Skipperud L, Mobbs H, Tronstad E, Christensen G C, Varskog P (2004) Impacts on man and the environment in northern areas from hypothetical accidents at “Mayak” PA, Urals, Russia. Program on Investigations of Possible Impacts of the “Mayak” PA Activities on Radioactive Contamination of the Barents and Kara Seas. Osteras: 104.
Glagolenko Yu V, Drozhko E G, Mokrov Yu G (2007) Specific features of formation of radioactive contamination of the Techa river. Radiat Saf Probl 2: 27–36.
Sadovnikov V I, Glagolenko Yu V, Drozhko E G, Mokrov Yu G, Stukalov P M (2002) Current status and solutions of the Techa reservoir cascade problems. Radiat Saf Probl 1: 3–14.
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Mokrov, Y.G., Glagolenko, Y.V., Drozhko, E.G., Rovny, S.I. (2008). The Techa Reservoir Cascade: Safety and Regulation Problems. In: Sneve, M.K., Kiselev, M.F. (eds) Challenges in Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Regulation of the Nuclear Legacy. NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C: Environmental Security. Springer, Dordrecht. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-8634-2_17
Publisher Name: Springer, Dordrecht
Print ISBN: 978-1-4020-8633-5
Online ISBN: 978-1-4020-8634-2
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