Stone fruit crops (apricot, cherry, peach, nectarine and plum) are subject to many diseases although only a few need yearly management. Brown rot blossom blight and fruit rot is one of these important diseases and has been studied in detail. Recent research has elucidated the importance of latent infection in the disease cycle of brown rot, allowing for better disease management. Brown rot is effectively controlled by fungicides belonging to several chemical classes, but resistance to benzimidazole fungicides is widespread and appears to be developing in demethylation inhibitor fungicides. Cultivars resistant to brown rot have been identified although they are not used commercially, but could be helpful in the selection of new resistant cultivars. Some other important stone fruit diseases are bacterial canker, Leucostoma canker, powdery mildew and postharvest fruit rots. Both bacterial canker and Leucostoma canker do not have adequate chemical controls but are managed using an integrated management approach that depends on resistance, good horticultural practices and exclusion of the pathogen from the orchard. Powdery mildew is controlled by fungicides but resistance is developing, so a strategy integrating the use of spray oils along with fungicides from different classes is recommended. Fruit rots caused by Monilinia spp., Botrytis cinerea,and Rhizopus spp. are always important problems for storage and transit of stone fruit crops. Fortunately, new fungicides are available for use during the postharvest phase that are very effective but need careful management to avoid resistance. In conclusion, the development of new molecular techniques for identification of pathogens and the use of them to aid in disease forecasting and risk management is leading to better management of stone fruit diseases.
- Powdery Mildew
- Latent Infection
- Sweet Cherry
- Sour Cherry
- Stone Fruit
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Sholberg, A.P., Kappel, F. (2008). Integrated Management Of Stone Fruit Diseases. In: Ciancio, A., Mukerji, K. (eds) Integrated Management of Diseases Caused by Fungi, Phytoplasma and Bacteria. Integrated Management of Plant Pests and Diseases, vol 3. Springer, Dordrecht. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-8571-0_1
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