Measurement Techniques for Water Flow

  • Sigurður Erlingsson*
  • Susanne Baltzer
  • José Baena
  • Gunnar Bjarnason
Part of the Geotechnical, Geological and Earthquake Engineering book series (GGEE, volume 5)


The chapter describes different measurement techniques for water-flow-related phenomena in pavements and embankments, i.e. water content, permeability and suction. for estimating the water content the gravimetric method is described as well as non-destructive methods such as neutron scattering, time domain reflectometry and ground penetrating radar. Then methods for estimating both the saturated and the unsaturated permeability of soils and granular materials are described. Both steady-state and unsteady methods are mentioned. Finally, common methods for measuring soil suction are briefly introduced.


Water flow measurements water content permeability suction 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sigurður Erlingsson*
    • 1
  • Susanne Baltzer
  • José Baena
  • Gunnar Bjarnason
  1. 1.Háskóli Íslands/University of IcelandIceland & Statens väg-och transportforskningsinstitut/ Swedish National Road and Transport InstituteSweden

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