Water Flow Theory for Saturated and Unsaturated Pavement Material

  • Sigurður Erlingsson
  • Mihael Brenčič
  • Andrew Dawson
Part of the Geotechnical, Geological and Earthquake Engineering book series (GGEE, volume 5)


This chapter describes the relation between road structures and water giving the general water balance equation for the pavement structure. Aquifers are briefly introduced. The pavement and its associated embankment are divided into the saturated zone and the unsaturated zone. Porous media are also described briefly together with their grain size distributions and fundamental properties related to water movements. A short summary of water flow theory for saturated and unsaturated soils is then presented, including relevant discussion of the soil water characteristic curve and permeability of unsaturated soils.


Roads water flow porous media saturated unsaturated permeability soil water characteristic curve 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sigurður Erlingsson
    • 1
  • Mihael Brenčič
  • Andrew Dawson
  1. 1.Háskóli Íslands/University of Iceland, Iceland & Statens väg-och transportforskningsinstitut/ Swedish National Road and Transport InstituteSweden

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