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Epigenetic Control of Neural Stem Cell Self-Renewal and Specification

Part of the Advances in Biomedical Research book series (ABIR, volume 1)

Abstract

Neural stem cells have the ability to self-renew and to differentiate. Epigenetic control has been shown to play an important role in regulating both. Recent progress in epigenetics provides novel perspective on regulation of neural stem cell maintenance and fate-specification, which, in turn, offers new strategies to combat neurodegenerative diseases using stem cell-based therapies. In this chapter, we attempt to cover recent advances in this exciting area with three aspects of epigenetic control: histone modification, DNA methylation and micro-RNAs. Understanding regulatory mechanisms of neural stem cell self-renewal and specification will offer new tools for clinical application of neural stem cells in the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases and brain injury.

Keywords

Neural stem cells epigenetics histone modification DNA methylation microRNAs nuclear receptor TLX (NR2E1) 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media B.V 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Neurosciences, and Center for Gene Expression and Drug DiscoveryBeckman Research Institute of City of HopeDuarteUSA

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