Enhancing Resilience of Urban Structures to Withstand Fire Hazard

Conference paper
Part of the NATO Science for Peace and Security Series Series C: Environmental Security book series (NAPSC)

Abstract

A new class of materials referred to as high performance materials are being increasingly used in urban infrastructure projects. Many of these materials have poor or unknown fire characteristics and addressing the fire safety of these materials and their integration into structural systems are critical for ensuring the safety of the built infrastructure. In the paper, the different conditions and complexities associated with characterizing fire hazards in built-infrastructure is explained. The factors that have significant influence on fire performance of structural systems in built infrastructure are discussed. The fire resistance problems, and research needs, for emerging high performing materials are outlined. Design strategies for integrating fire safety design with structural design, through a performance based methodology is outlined. Construction guidelines for enhancing the fire performance of structures constructed with high performing materials are presented through case studies.

Keywords

Fire resistance structural fire safety built infrastructure high performing materials performance based design 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media B.V 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre on SAFE-D, Department of Civil & Environmental EngineeringMichigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA

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