Effect of Aerial Spraying of Insecticide as a Control Measure for Pine Wilt Disease

  • Shin Ugawa
  • Kenji Fukuda


Biomass Phosphorus Europe Bravo Fenitrothion 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Bedker, P.J., Wingfield, M.J. and Blanchette, R.A. (1987). Pathogenicity of Bursaphelenchus xylophilus on three species of pine. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 17: 51–57.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Inada, M. (1993). The simulation model for the dynamics of wood volume damaged by the pine wilt disease. Bulletin of the Faculty of Agriculture, Shimane University. 27: 1–6.Google Scholar
  3. Kawabata, K. and Kojo, M. (1976). The amount of damaged pine one year after the stop of aerial spraying of insecticide. Transactions of the Annual Meeting of Kyushu Branch, the Japanese Forest Society. 29: 181–182.Google Scholar
  4. Kishi, Y. (1995). The pinewood nematode and the Japanese pine sawyer. Thomas Company Ltd., Tokyo, Japan, 302 pp.Google Scholar
  5. Kiyohara, T. and Tokushige, Y. (1971). Inoculation experiments of a nematode, Bursaphelenchus sp. onto pine trees. Journal of Japanese Forestry Society 53: 210–218.Google Scholar
  6. Mamiya, Y. and Enda, N. (1972). Transmission of Bursaphelenchus lignicolus (Nematode: Aphelenchoididae) by Monochamus alternatus (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae). Nematologica 18: 159–162.Google Scholar
  7. Morimoto K. and Iwasaki A. (1972). Role of Monochamus alternatus (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) as a vector of Bursaphelenchus lignicolus (Nematode: Aphelenchoididae). Journal of Japanese Forestry Society 54: 177–183.Google Scholar
  8. Mota, M.M., Braasch, H., Bravo, M.A., Penas, A.C., Burgermeister, W., Metge, K. and Sousa, E. (1999). First report of Bursaphelenchus xylophilus in Portugal and in Europe. Nematology 1: 727–734.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Riga, E., Sutherland, J.R. and Webster, J.M. (1991). Pathogenicity of pinewood nematode isolates and hybrids to scots pine seedlings. Nematologica 37: 285–292.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Takasu, F., Yamamoto, N., Kawasaki, K., Togashi, K., Kishi, Y. and Shigesada, N. (2000). Modeling the expansion of an introduced tree disease. Biological Invasions 2: 141–150.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Togashi, K., Nakamura, K. and Takahashi, F. (1992). An index of susceptibility of pine stands to pine wilt disease. Applied Entomology and Zoology 27: 341–347.Google Scholar
  12. Yoshimura, A., Kawasaki, K., Takasu, F., Togashi, K., Futai, K. and Shigesada, N. (1999). Modeling the spread of pine wilt disease caused by nematodes with pine sawyers as vector. Ecology 80: 1691–1702.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shin Ugawa
    • 1
  • Kenji Fukuda
  1. 1.Institute of Environmental Studies, Graduate School of Frontier SciencesUniversity of TokyoKashiwa-shiJapan

Personalised recommendations