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The Origins and Formation Mechanisms of Aerosol during a Measurement Campaign in Finnish Lapland, Evaluated Using the Regional Dispersion Model SILAM

  • Marje Prank
  • Mikhail Sofiev
  • Marko Kaasik
  • Taina Ruuskanen
  • Jaakko Kukkonen
  • Markku Kulmala
Part of the NATO Science for Peace and Security Series Series C: Environmental Security book series (NAPSC)

Abstract

This paper is intended to clarify the geographical extent of processes leading to a nucleation event and the role of atmospheric transport in it. The study is based on the inverse (adjoint) runs of atmospheric advection-diffusion model SILAM and general knowledge on basic mechanisms and time scales of nanometer particle formation in the atmosphere. Results of an aerosol measurement campaign carried out in Värriö, Finland, Eastern Lapland, April–May 2003, were used as sensitivity source data for backward tracing. The footprint areas of three observed nucleation events suggest that (1) spatial scale of a nucleation event may reach about 1,000 km, and (2) impact of atmospheric transport to the aerosol processes recorded by a Eulerian (ground-based) observer may be significant. Formation of an intense event over extensive forested areas supports the theory on the role of biogenic VOC emissions. Need for coupling the models of atmospheric transport and aerosol dynamics was stressed.

Keywords

Adjoint model atmospheric transport backward tracing nucleation burst 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media B.V 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marje Prank
    • 1
  • Mikhail Sofiev
    • 2
  • Marko Kaasik
    • 1
  • Taina Ruuskanen
  • Jaakko Kukkonen
  • Markku Kulmala
  1. 1.Institute of Environmental PhysicsUniversity of TartuTartuEstonia
  2. 2.Air Quality ResearchFinnish Meteorological InstituteHelsinkiFinland

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