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Population Aging in China

  • Feinian Chen
  • Guangya Liu
Part of the International Handbooks of Population book series (IHOP, volume 1)

The proximate determinants of population aging in China are fundamentally the same as those in any other country. It is an inevitable consequence of the process known as the “demographic transition” in which declining fertility together with a rise in life expectancy leads to a shift towards an older age structure of the population. Yet, the story of population aging in China is unmistakably unique, shaped by its distinct historical, cultural, economic and political contexts. The pace of its aging trend is by itself unparalleled, with the proportion of older adults projected to grow from 6.8 per cent to 23.6 per cent over the first half of the twenty-first century (United Nations 2005). As the most populous country in the world, this increase in the population of elderly translates to an astounding growth of 242 million people, which would qualify it for the fourth largest population in the world today.

Keywords

Living Arrangement Pension System Fertility Decline Filial Piety Pension Reform 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Feinian Chen
    • 1
  • Guangya Liu
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Sociology and AnthropologyNorth Carolina State UniversityRaleighUSA
  2. 2.North Carolina State UniversityRaleighUSA

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