Aging in Mexico and Latin America

  • Rebeca Wong
  • Alberto Palloni
Part of the International Handbooks of Population book series (IHOP, volume 1)

Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) is one of the fastest aging geographic regions in the developing world. The growth in the percentage of elderly (the number of those aged 65 and older divided by the total population) between 2000 and 2025 is projected to be 17 per cent for Sub-Saharan Africa, 47 per cent for the Near East, 79 per cent for Asia (excluding Near East) and 82 per cent for LAC (U.S. Bureau of the Census 2000). Rapid mortality and fertility decline in the last half of the twentieth century started the process of aging in the LAC region, a process that should accelerate starting around 2030. Thus, the period for investment in infrastructure to assist LAC societies is imminent, in particular because infrastructures such as financial markets, human resources to provide health care and investments in the young are deemed to translate into well-being of the future elderly of the region but these systems take two or three decades to formulate or reach maturity. The geographic location of this region, just south of the United States and Canada, also represents peculiar challenges and opportunities for the aging of the LAC populations. Overall, the current and future aging of the countries in this region convey a mixed picture of privileges and disadvantages.


Fertility Decline Social Security System Gross National Product Mortality Decline Pension Reform 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rebeca Wong
    • 1
  • Alberto Palloni
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Preventive Medicine and Community HealthUniversity of Texas Medical BranchGalveston, TXUSA
  2. 2.Northwestern UniversityEvanston, ILUSA

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