Yeast Acid Phosphatases and Phytases: Production, Characterization and Commercial Prospects

  • Parvinder Kaur
  • T. Satyanarayana

The element phosphorus is critical to all life forms as it forms the basic component of nucleic acids and ATP and has a number of indispensable biochemical roles. Unlike C or N, the biogeochemical cycling of phosphorus is very slow, and thus making it the growth-limiting element in most soils and aquatic systems. Phosphohydrolases (e.g. acid phosphatases and phytases) are enzymes that break the C-O-P ester bonds and provide available inorganic phosphorus from various inassimilable organic forms of phosphorus like phytates. These enzymes are of significant value in effectively combating phosphorus pollution. Although phytases and acid phosphatases are produced by various plants, animals and micro organisms, microbial sources are more promising for the production on a commercial scale. Yeasts being the simplest eukaryotes are ideal candidates for phytase and phos-phatase research due to their mostly non-pathogenic and GRAS status. They have not, however, been utilized to their full potential. This chapter focuses attention on the present state of knowledge on the production, characterization and potential commercial prospects of yeast phytases and acid phosphatases.

Keywords

Acid phosphatase animal feed phosphorus phytin phytates phytase 

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© Springer Science + Business Media B.V 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Parvinder Kaur
    • 1
  • T. Satyanarayana
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of MicrobiologyUniversity of Delhi South CampusNew DelhiIndia

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