• Álvaro Morales-Ramírez
  • Eduardo Suárez-Morales
Part of the Monographiae Biologicae book series (MOBI, volume 86)

The marine copepod fauna of Costa Rica has been studied from samples obtained in different environments including reef areas, coastal systems, and fully oceanic zones. Up to 7 (Calanoida, Cyclopoida, Harpacticoida, Monstrilloida, Mormonilloida, Poecilostomatoida, Siphonostomatoida) out of the 11 orders of Copepoda that are currently recognized are present in Costa Rica. The total number of species known in Costa Rican waters is 209. Most records are of planktonic forms, and nearly 10% of the copepod species richness known in the country is represented by benthic Harpacticoida. There is, however, a substantial asymmetry in the number of copepod species comparing the Costa Rican Pacific (164 species) with the Caribbean coast (45 species). Excluding the strictly benthic forms, the proportion represented by these numbers compared to the corresponding regional fauna is also unequal: the Costa Rican copepod fauna includes 49.6% of the species known in the eastern tropical Pacific (ETP) and adjacent areas, and only 8% of the species recorded in the Caribbean Basin. Overall, 20 species of benthic Harpacticoida represent the first information of this order in Costa Rica and some of them are endemic forms. Despite the fact that copepods are probably the best known marine zooplankton group in Costa Rica, it is recommended that both ecological and taxonomic studies should continue as it is likely that new surveys particularly from relatively neglected areas such as the oceanic epipelagic and meso-bathypelagic environments will increase substantially the faunistic lists.


Pacific Coast Calanoid Copepod Copepod Species Planktonic Copepod Copepod Community 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Álvaro Morales-Ramírez
    • 1
  • Eduardo Suárez-Morales
    • 2
  1. 1.Centro de Investigación en Ciencias del Mar y Limnología (CIMAR) y Escuela de BiologíaUniversidad de Costa RicaCiudadCosta Rica
  2. 2.El Colegio de la Frontera Sur-ChetumalChetumalMéxico

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