Using Lepidium as a Test of Phytotoxicity from Lead/Zinc Spoils and Soil Conditioners

  • Beata Janecka
  • Krzysztof Fijalkowski
Part of the NATO Science for Peace and Security Series book series (NAPSC)

A high sensitivity of Lepidium sativum to phytotoxic substances makes it suitable for the biological tests conducted to assess the state of land and water environment. Lepidium is commonly used in tentative, quick and inexpensive phytotoxic properties of soil contaminated with heavy metals, pertrochemical compounds and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. The test can also be used to assess the influence of sewage sediments, applied for remediation and agriculture purpose.

The article describes the trials of applying the Lepidium test as an guidance of phytoremediation possibilities of spoil dump.


Lepidium test phytoremediation lead and zinc dumps 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Broda B., Grabias B., Ocena biologiczna aktywności cytotoksycznej niektórych związków chemicznych występujących w środowisku człowieka za pomocą testów roślinnych I. Test Lepidium (Biological estimation of cytotoxic activity of some chemical compounds present in human environment by plants. I. Lepidium test - in Polish) Farmacja Polska XXXV, no.12, s. 707-709, 1979Google Scholar
  2. Ernst W.H.O., Bioavailability of heavy metals and decontamination of soil by plants, Geoche-mistry, no. 11, pp. 163-167, 1996Google Scholar
  3. Garbisu C., Alkorta I., Phytoextraction: a cost-effective plant-based technology for the removal of metals from the environment, Bioresource Technology, Elsevier Science, pp. 229-236, 2001 Gong P., Wilke B.-M., Strozzi E., Fleischmann S., Evaluation and refinement of a continuous seeds germination and early seedling growth test the use in the ecotoxicological assessment of soil, Chemosphere, no. 44, pp. 491-500, 2001Google Scholar
  4. Kuczyńska A., Wolska L., Namieśnik Ł., Szybkie testy biologiczne (ekotesty) - nowe podejście do oceny stopnia zanieczyszczenia środowiska. (Rapid biological tests - a new approach to assess the contamination of the environment Mikrozanieczyszczenia w środowisku człowieka, Konferencje 55, Wyd. Politechniki Częstochowskiej, Częstochowa 2004Google Scholar
  5. Maila M.P., Cloete T.E., The use of biological activities to monitor the removal of fuel conta-minants - perspective for monitoring hydrocarbon contamination: a review, International Biodeterioration and biodegradation, no. 55, pp. 1- 8, 2005Google Scholar
  6. Maila M.P., Cloete T.E., Germination of Lepidium sativum as a method to evaluate polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) removal from contaminated soil, International Biodeterioration and biodegradation, no. 50, pp. 107- 113, 2002Google Scholar
  7. Sas - Nowosielska A., Kucharski R., Małkowski E., Feasibility studies for phytoremadiation of meta - contaminated soil, in Manual for soil analysis - analysis - monitoring and assessing soil bioremediation, Springer, Berlin - Heidelberg, 2005Google Scholar
  8. Walter I., Martínez R., Cala V., Heavy metal speciation and phytotoxic effect of three sewage sludges for agricultular uses, Enviromental Pollution, no. 139, pp. 507-514, 2006Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Beata Janecka
    • 1
  • Krzysztof Fijalkowski
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Environmental EngineeringCzestochowa University of TechnologyPoland

Personalised recommendations