生物多样性丧失的经济学和政策

  • S. Dalmazzone

摘要

本文的第一部分给出了生物多样性的简明定义, 及其多种涵义—遗传多样性、物种多样性、种内多样性、生态系统多样性以及功能多样性, 随后考察了与生物多样性有关的生态服务及生物多样性的各种指数, 这些指数主要反映物种丰富度或物种多样性。本文主要进行生物多样性丧失的经济学分析, 包括生物多样性的经济价值、公共物品属性、使用价值和非使用价值、农业生态系统的生物多样性及风险。在分析了生物多样性丧失的社会及经济因素之后, 探讨了可行的保护政策: 激励、财产权、价格改革、保护区、最低安全标准以及《生物多样性公约》和《生物安全议定书》等国际公约。

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Copyright information

© Springer 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Dalmazzone
    • 1
  1. 1.经济学系都灵大学都灵意大利

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