法律原则在环境管理中的作用

  • M. Montini

摘要

本文开篇指出法律原则是国际法的一个特定渊源, 明确强调其与国际法以及另外两个主要的国际法渊源 (即条约和习惯法条例) 之间的不同之处。

接下来本文围绕着国际环境法在过去 30 年发展过程中的重大变化, 介绍了与国际法联系最为密切的环境法原则。本文还对原则 21 (Principle 21) 、预防原则 (precautionary principle) 以及合作原则等法律原则进行了详细分析。随后, 本文重点关注当代最重要的环境原则, 即可持续发展原则, 介绍了该原则的由来及主要构成要素, 然后详细分析了引用最多的国际条约以及国际法庭和法院的一些裁决, 这些裁决均对可持续发展原则给予了足够的重视。

本文最后详细叙述了环境法原则在国际环境法中可能发挥的各种作用, 目的是明确环境法原则对环境管理的实际及潜在影响。

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Copyright information

© Springer 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Montini
    • 1
  1. 1.经济法学部锡耶纳大学威尼斯意大利

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