The Role of the Private Sector in Higher Education in Malaysia
Malaysia’s economic growth since Independence in 1957 has been impressive. The real gross domestic product (GDP) averaged a growth of 6.5% per annum between 1957 and 2005. Malaysia is one of the fastest growing nations amongst the developing countries. It has made great strides in improving the quality of life of its people as well as making advances in the areas of education, health, infrastructure and industry. The country has been transformed from an export oriented economy, which relied mainly on its primary commodities such as rubber, tin and palm oil, a diversified industrial nation.
In 1965, Malaysia was the world’s largest producer of both natural rubber and tin, which together accounted for 55% of the country’s export and about 30% of GNP. In fact agriculture alone contributed 34% of the GDP in the same year. In 2005 the share of agriculture was only 8.2%, whereas manufacturing (31.4%) and services (58.1%) contributed substantially to the GDP’s growth. It is evident that Malaysia has made a major shift from an agrarian to an industrial economy.
The onset of globalization, combined with the technological revolution, especially in Information and Communication Technology (ICT), has given rise to the knowledge economy, which needs an educated, highly skilled workforce.
KeywordsGross Domestic Product Private High Education Branch Campus Private High Education Institution Malaysian Student
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