The Role of the Private Sector in Higher Education in Malaysia

  • Thangavelu Marimuthu

Malaysia’s economic growth since Independence in 1957 has been impressive. The real gross domestic product (GDP) averaged a growth of 6.5% per annum between 1957 and 2005. Malaysia is one of the fastest growing nations amongst the developing countries. It has made great strides in improving the quality of life of its people as well as making advances in the areas of education, health, infrastructure and industry. The country has been transformed from an export oriented economy, which relied mainly on its primary commodities such as rubber, tin and palm oil, a diversified industrial nation.

In 1965, Malaysia was the world’s largest producer of both natural rubber and tin, which together accounted for 55% of the country’s export and about 30% of GNP. In fact agriculture alone contributed 34% of the GDP in the same year. In 2005 the share of agriculture was only 8.2%, whereas manufacturing (31.4%) and services (58.1%) contributed substantially to the GDP’s growth. It is evident that Malaysia has made a major shift from an agrarian to an industrial economy.

The onset of globalization, combined with the technological revolution, especially in Information and Communication Technology (ICT), has given rise to the knowledge economy, which needs an educated, highly skilled workforce.

Keywords

Rubber Arena Malaysia Indonesia Univer 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bok, Derek (2003) Universities in the Market Place: The Commercialisation of Higher Education, Princeton, Princeton University PressGoogle Scholar
  2. INPUMA (2000) Policy Issues in Higher Education in the New Millennium Proceedings of International Conference, Kuala Lumpur, University of MalayaGoogle Scholar
  3. Lee, MNN (2002) Education Change in Malaysia, Penang, Universiti Sains MalaysiaGoogle Scholar
  4. Malaysia (1998) National Economic Recovery Plan: Agenda for Action, Kuala Lumpur, Govt. PrintersGoogle Scholar
  5. Malaysia (2005) The Benchmark Report on Higher Education: Towards Academic Excellence, Shah Alam: Pusat Penerbitan UniversitiGoogle Scholar
  6. Malaysia (2006a) The Ninth Malaysia Plan (2006-2010), Kuala Lumpur, Govt. PrintersGoogle Scholar
  7. Malaysia (2006b) Education Guide Malaysia (10th Edn), Kuala Lumpur, Challenger ConceptGoogle Scholar
  8. Marimuthu, T, Jasbir Singh, Chew Sing Buan, Norani Mohd Salleh, Chang Lee Hoon and Rajendran, NS (1999) Higher Education: Policies, Practices and Issues, Malaysia. The World BankGoogle Scholar
  9. Middlehurst, R and Woodfield, S (2004) The Role of Transnational, Private and For-Profit Provision in Meeting Global Demand for Tertiary Education: Mapping, Regulation and Impact (Case Study: Malaysia), Vancouver, UNESCO and Commonwealth of LearningGoogle Scholar
  10. Readings, Bill (1996) The University in Ruins, Cambridge, Harvard University PressGoogle Scholar
  11. Tan, AM (2002) Malaysian Private Higher Education: Globalisation, Privatisation, Transformation and Market Places, London, Asean Academic PressGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media B.V 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thangavelu Marimuthu
    • 1
  1. 1.Cyberlynx International CollegeMalaysia

Personalised recommendations