• J.F. Hancock
  • T.M. Sjulin
  • G.A. Lobos


The major cultivated strawberry species, Fragaria x ananassa, is a hybrid of two native species, F. chiloensis and F. virginiana. Strawberry breeders are focused on improving local adaptations, fruit quality, productivity and disease resistance, and many are interested in developing new day-neutral cultivars. Some of the major pathogens worldwide are Botrytis cinerea, Colletotrichum spp., Phytophthora cactorum, Phytophthora fragariaeandVerticillium albo-atrum. The genetics of many of the horticulturally important traits have been investigated in strawberry and a number of genes have been characterized and cloned that are highly expressed during fruit ripening and maturation. Marker systems have been developed in strawberry for genetic linkage mapping and QTL have been identified for the day neutrality trait and several other fruit characteristics. Transgenic strawberries have been produced with herbicide and pest resistance and an effective marker-free transformation process has been developed. Two major EST libraries have been generated as genomic resources.


Quantitative Trait Locus Powdery Mildew Verticillium Wilt Strawberry Fruit Strawberry Cultivar 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Agius F, González-Lamothe R, Caballero JL, Muñoz-Blanco J, Botella MA, Valpuesta V (2003) Engineering increased vitamin C levels in plants by overexpression of a D-galacturonic acid reductase. Nat Biotechnol 21:177–181PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Agius F, Amaya I, Botella MA, Valpuesta V (2005) Functional analysis of homologous and heterologous promoters in strawberry fruits using transient expression. J Exp Bot 56:37–46PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Aharoni A, De Vos C, Wein M, Sun Z, Greco R, Kroon A, Mol J, O’Connell A (2001) The strawberry FaMYB1 transcription factor suppresses anthocyanin and flavonol accumulation in transgenic tobacco. Plant J 28:319–332PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Aharoni A, Giri A, Verstappen F, Bertea C, Sevenier R, Sun Z, Jongsma M, Schwab W, Bouwmeester H (2004) Gain and loss of fruit flavor compounds produced by wild and cultivated strawberry species. Plant Cell 16:3110–3131PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Aharoni A, Keizer L, Bouwmeester H, Sun Z, Alvarez-Huerta M, Verhoeven H, Blaas J, van Houweilingen A, De Vos C, van der Voet H, Jansen R, Guis M, Mol J, Davis R, Schena M, van Tunen A, O’Connell A (2000) Identification of the SAAT gene involved in strawberry flavor biogenesis by use of DNA microarrays. Plant Cell 12:647–661PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Aharoni A, O’Connell A (2002) Gene expression analysis of strawberry achene and receptacle maturation using DNA microarrays. J Exp Bot 53:2073–2087PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Ahmadi H, Bringhurst RS (1991) Genetics of sex expression in Fragaria species. Am J Bot 78:504–514Google Scholar
  8. Ahmadi H, Bringhurst RS, Voth V (1990) Modes of inheritance of photoperiodism in Fragaria. J Am Soc Hortic Sci 115:146–152Google Scholar
  9. Alsheikh M, Suso H, Robson M, Battey N (2002) Appropriate choice of antibiotic and Agrobacterium strain improves transformation of antibiotic-sensitive Fragaria vesca and F. v. semperflorens. Plant Cell Rep 20:1173–1180Google Scholar
  10. Anstey TH, Wilcox AN (1950) The breeding value of selected inbred clones of strawberries with respect to their vitamin C content. Sci Agric 30:367–374Google Scholar
  11. Arulsekar S (1979) Verticillium wilt resistance in the cultivated strawberries and preliminary studies on isozymes genetics in Fragaria. PhD. University of California, DavisGoogle Scholar
  12. Arulsekar S, Bringhurst RS (1981) Genetic model for the enzyme marker PGI in diploid California Fragaria vesca. J Hered 73:117–120Google Scholar
  13. Ashley M, Wilk J, Styan S, Craft K, Jones K, Feldman K, Lewers K, Ashman T (2003) High variability and disomic segregation of microsatellites in the octoploid Fragaria virginiana Mill. (Rosaceae). Theor Appl Genet 107:1201–1207PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Barritt BH (1974) Single harvest yields of strawberries in relation to cultivar and time of harvest. J Am Soc Hortic Sci 99:6–8Google Scholar
  15. Barritt BH (1976) Evaluation of strawberry parent clones for easy calyx removal. J Am Soc Hortic Sci 101:590–591Google Scholar
  16. Barritt BH (1979) Breeding strawberries for fruit firmness. J Amer Soc Hort Sci 104:663–665Google Scholar
  17. Barritt BH (1980) Resistance of strawberry clones to Botrytis fruit rot. J Am Soc Hortic Sci 105:160–164Google Scholar
  18. Barritt BH, Daubeny HA (1982) Inheritance of virus tolerance in strawberry. J Am Soc Hortic Sci 107:278–282Google Scholar
  19. Barritt BH, Shanks CH (1980) Breeding strawberries for resistance to the aphids Chaetosiphon fragaefolii and C. thomasi. HortScience 15:287–288Google Scholar
  20. Barritt BH, Shanks CH (1981) Parent selection in breeding strawberries resistant to two-spotted spider mites. HortScience 16:323–324Google Scholar
  21. Batley J, Keniry A, Hopkins C, Mountford H, Logan E, Gramzow L, Morrison B, Spangenberg G, Edwards D (2005) A new genomics resource for strawberry: Towards molecular genetic markers for day neutrality traits. In: Plant & Animal Genomes XIII Conference, SanDiego, CAGoogle Scholar
  22. Bell JA, Simpson DW, Harris DC (1997) Development of a method for screening strawberry germplasm for resistance to Phytophthora cactorum. Acta Hortic 439:175–180Google Scholar
  23. Blanco-Portales R, López-Raéz J, Bellido M, Moyano E, Dorado G, González-Reyes J, Caballero JL, Muñoz-Blanco J (2004) A strawberry fruit-specific and ripening-related gene codes for a HyPRP protein involved in polyphenol anchoring. Plant Mol Biol 55:763–780PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. Bors B, Sullivan JA (1998) Interspecific crossability of nine diploid Fragaria species. HortScience 32:439 (abst.)Google Scholar
  25. Bors B, Sullivan JA (2005) Interspecific hybridization of Fragaria vesca subspecies with F. nilgerrensis, F. nubicola, F. pentaphylla, and F. viridis. J Am Soc Hortic Sci 130:418–423Google Scholar
  26. Bringhurst R (1990) Cytogenetics and evolution in American Fragaria. HortScience 25:879–881Google Scholar
  27. Bringhurst RS, Hansche PE, Voth V (1967) Inheritance of verticillium wilt resistance and the correlation of resistance with performance traits of the strawberry. Proc Am Soc Hortic Sci 92:369–375Google Scholar
  28. Bringhurst RS, Senanayake YDA (1966) The evolutionary significance of natural Fragaria chiloensis × F. vesca hybrids resulting from unreduced gametes. Am J Bot 53:1000–1006Google Scholar
  29. Bringhurst RS, Voth V (1957) Effect of stratification on strawberry seed germination. Proc Am Soc Hortic Sci 70:144–149Google Scholar
  30. Bringhurst RS, Voth V (1976) Origin and evolutionary potentiality of the day-neutral trait in octoploid Fragaria. Genetics 83:s10Google Scholar
  31. Bringhurst RS, Voth V (1984) Breeding octoploid strawberries. Iowa State University J Res 58:371–381Google Scholar
  32. Brown GR, Moore JN (1975) Inheritance of fruit detachment in strawberry. J Am Soc Hortic Sci 100:569–572Google Scholar
  33. Brown JG, Voth V (1955) Salt damage to strawberries. Calif Agric 9:11–12Google Scholar
  34. Brown T, Wareing PF (1965) The genetical control of the everbearing habit and three other characters in varieties of Fragaria vesca. Euphytica 14:97–112Google Scholar
  35. Castillejo C, de la Fuente J, Iannetta P, Botella M, Valpuesta V (2004) Pectin esterase gene family in strawberry fruit: study of FaPE1, a ripening-specific isoform. J Exp Bot 55:909–918PubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. Cekic C, Battey J, Wilkinson JQ (2001) The potential of ISSR-PCR primer-pair combinations for genetic linkage analysis using the seasonal flowering locus in Fragaria as a model. Theor Appl Genet 103:540–546Google Scholar
  37. Chalavi V, Tabaeizadeh Z, Thibodeau P (2003) Enhanced resistance to Verticillium dahliae in transgenic strawberry plants expressing a Lycopersicon chilense chitinase gene. J Am Soc Hortic Sci 128:747–753Google Scholar
  38. Chiykowski LN, Craig DL (1975) Reaction of strawberry cultivars to clover phyllody (green petal) agent transmitted by Aphrodes bicincta. Can Plant Dis Survey 55:66–68Google Scholar
  39. Cho CT, Moon BJ (1984) Studies on the wilt of strawberry caused by Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. fragariae in Korea. Korean J Plant Prot 23:74–81Google Scholar
  40. Cipriani G, Pinosa F, Bonoli M, Faedi W (2006) A new set of microsatellite markers for Fragaria species and their application in linkage analysis. J Hortic Sci Bio 81:668–675Google Scholar
  41. Comstock RE, Kelleher T, Morrow EB (1958) Genetic variation in an asexual species, the garden strawberry. Genetics 43:634–46PubMedGoogle Scholar
  42. Cordero de Mesa M, Jiménez-Bermúdez S, Pliego-Alfaro F, Quesada MA, Mercado JA (2000) Agrobacterium cells as microprojectile coating: a novel approach to enhance stable transformation rates in strawberry. Aust J Plant Physiol 27:1093–1100Google Scholar
  43. Cram WT (1978) The effect of root weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) on yield of five strawberry cultivars in British Columbia. J Entomol Soc B C 75:10–13Google Scholar
  44. Crock JE, Shanks CH Jr, Barritt BH (1982) Resistance in Fragaria chiloensis and F. ×ananassa to the aphids Chaetosiphon fragaefolii and C. thomasi. HortScience 17:959–960Google Scholar
  45. Dale A, Gray VP, Miles NW (1987) Effects of cultural systems and harvesting techniques on the production of strawberries for processing. Can J Plant Sci 67:853–862Google Scholar
  46. Darrow GM (1937) Strawberry improvement. In: Better plants and animals 2. USDA Yearbook of Agriculture, pp 496–533Google Scholar
  47. Darrow GM (1966) The Strawberry. history, breeding and physiology. Holt, Rinehart and Winston, NewYorkGoogle Scholar
  48. Darrow GM, Scott DH (1947) Breeding for cold hardiness of strawberry flowers. Proc Am Soc Hortic Sci 50:239–242Google Scholar
  49. Darrow GM, Waldo GF, Schuster CE (1933) Twelve years of strawberry breeding. A summary of the strawberry breeding work of the United States Department of Agriculture. J Hered 24:391–402Google Scholar
  50. Daubeny HA (1964) Effect of parentage in breeding for red stele resistance of strawberry in British Columbia. Proc Am Soc Hortic Sci 84:289–294Google Scholar
  51. Daubeny HA, Lawrence FJ, Martin LW, Barritt BH (1980) ‘Tyee’, a new strawberry cultivar suited to machine harvest. Sta Bull, Agric Exp Sta, Oregon State Univ 645:40–42Google Scholar
  52. Davik J, Honne BI (2005) Genetic variance and breeding values for resistance to a wind-borne disease [Sphaerotheca macularis (Wallr. ex Fr.)] in strawberry (Fragaria ×ananassa Duch.) estimated by exploring mixed and spatial models and pedigree information. Theor Appl Genet 111:256–264PubMedGoogle Scholar
  53. Davis R (2005) A diploid platform for strawberry genomics. In: Plant & Animal Genomes, San Diego, CAGoogle Scholar
  54. Davis TM (2004) Identification of putative diploid genome donors to the octoploid cultivated strawberry, Fragaria ×ananassa. In: Plant & Animal Genomes XII Conference, San Diego, CAGoogle Scholar
  55. Davis TM, Yu H (1997) A linkage map of the diploid strawberry, Fragaria vesca. J Hered 88:215–221Google Scholar
  56. De la Fuente JI, Amaya I, Castillejo C, Sánchez-Sevilla, Quesada MA, Botella MA, Valpuesta V (2006) The strawberry gene FaGAST affects plant growth through inhibition of cell elongation. J Exp Bot 57:2401–2411PubMedGoogle Scholar
  57. Delhomez N, Carisse O, Lareau M, Khanizadeh S (1995) Susceptibility of strawberry cultivars and advanced selections to leaf spot caused by Mycosphaerella fragariae. HortScience 30:592–595Google Scholar
  58. Delp BR, Milholland RS (1981) Susceptibility of strawberry cultivars and related species to Colletotrichum fragariae. Plant Dis 65:421–423Google Scholar
  59. Deng C, Davis TM (2001) Molecular identification of the yellow fruit color (c) locus in diploid strawberry: a candidate gene approach. Theor Appl Genet 103:316–322Google Scholar
  60. Denisen EL, Buchele WF (1967) Mechanical harvesting of strawberries. Proc Am Soc Hortic Sci 91:267–273Google Scholar
  61. Denoyes B, Baudry A (1995) Species identification and pathogenicity study of French Colletotrichum strains isolated from strawberry using morphological and cultural characteristics. Phytopathology 85:53–57Google Scholar
  62. Denoyes-Rothan B, Guerin G, Lerceteau-Köhler E, Risser G (2005) Inheritance of resistance to Colletotrichum acutatum in Fragaria ×ananassa. Phytpathology 95:405–412Google Scholar
  63. Doss RP, Shanks Jr CH (1988) The influence of leaf pubescence on the resistance of selected clones of beach strawberry (Fragaria chiloensis (L.) Duchesne) to adult black vine weevils (Otiorhynchus sulcatus F.). Sci Hortic 34:47–54Google Scholar
  64. Du Plessis HJ, Brand RJ, Glynn-Woods C, Goedhart MA (1995) Genetic engineering leads to a herbicide-tolerant strawberry. S Afr J Sci 91:218Google Scholar
  65. Du Plessis HJ, Brand RJ, Glynn-Woods C, Goedhart MA (1997) Efficient genetic transformation of strawberry (Fragaria ×ananassa Duch.) cultivar Selekta. Acta Hortic 447:289–294Google Scholar
  66. Duewer RG, Zych CC (1967) Heritability of soluble solids and acids in progenies of the cultivated strawberry (Fragaria ×ananassa Duch.). Proc Am Soc Hortic Sci 90:153–157Google Scholar
  67. Edwards WH, Jones RK, Schmitt DP (1985) Host suitability and parasitism of selected strawberry cultivars by Meloidogyne hapla and M. incognita. Plant Dis 69:40–42Google Scholar
  68. Fadeeva TS (1966) Communication 1. Principles of genome analysis (with reference to the genus Fragaria). Genetika 1:12–28Google Scholar
  69. Federova NJ (1946) Crossibility and phylogenetic relations in the main European species ofFragaria. Compt Rend (Doklady) Acad Sci USSR 1:12–28Google Scholar
  70. Firsov AP, Dolgov SV (1998) Agrobacterial transformation and transfer of the antifreeze protein gene of winter flounder to the strawberry. Acta Hortic 484:581–586Google Scholar
  71. Fishman R (1987) Albert Etter: fruit breeder. Fruit Varieties J 41:40–46Google Scholar
  72. Folta KM, Dhingra A, Howard L, Stewert P, Chandler CK (2006) Characterization of LF9, an octoploid strawberry genotype selected for rapid regeneration and transformation. Planta 224:1058–1067PubMedGoogle Scholar
  73. Folta KM, Staton M, Stewart PJ, Jung S, Bies DH, Jesdurai C, Main D (2005) Expressed sequence tags (ESTs) and simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers from octoploid strawberry (Fragaria ×ananassa). BMC Plant Biol 5:12PubMedGoogle Scholar
  74. Galletta GJ, Bringhurst RS (1991) Strawberry management. In: Galletta GJ, Himelrick D (eds) Small fruit crop management. Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, pp 83–156Google Scholar
  75. Gimenez G, Ballington JR (2002) Inheritance of resistance to Colletotrichum acutatum Simmonds on runners of garden strawberry and its backcrosses. HortScience 37:686–690Google Scholar
  76. Gooding HJ, Jennings DL, Topham TP (1975) A genotype-environment experiment on strawberries in Scotland. Heredity 34:105–115Google Scholar
  77. Gooding HJ, McNicol RJ, MacIntyre D (1981) Methods of screening strawberries for resistance to Sphaerotheca macularis (Wall ex Frier) and Phytophthora cactorum (Leb. and Cohn). J Hortic Sci 56:239–245Google Scholar
  78. Graham J (2005) Fragaria strawberries In: Litz R.E. (ed) Biotechnology of fruit and nut crops. CABI Publishing, Wallingford, UKGoogle Scholar
  79. Graham J, Gordon SC, McNicol RJ (1997) The effect of the CpTi gene in strawberry against attack by vine weevil (Otiorhynchus sulcatus F. Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Ann Appl Biol 131:133–139Google Scholar
  80. Graham J, Gordon SC, Smith K, McNicol RJ, McNicol JW (2002) The effect of the Cowpea trypsin inhibitor in strawberry on damage by vine weevil under field conditions. J Hortic Sci Biotechnol 77:33–40Google Scholar
  81. Graham J, McNicol RJ, Greig K (1995) Towards genetic based insect resistance in strawberry using the Cowpea trypsin inhibitor gene. Ann Appl Biol 127:163–173Google Scholar
  82. Graichen K, Proll E, Leistner HU, Kegler H (1985) Preliminary results of purification experiments with strawberry viruses. Archiv Phytopathol Pflanzenschutz 21:499–501Google Scholar
  83. Hadonou A, Sargent D, Wilson F, James C, Simpson DW (2004) Development of microsatellite markers in Fragaria, their use in genetic diversity analysis, and their potential for genetic linkage mapping. Genome 47:429–438PubMedGoogle Scholar
  84. Hamilton-Kemp TR, Andersen RA, Rodriguez JG, Loughrin JH, Patterson CG (1988) Strawberry foliage headspace vapor components at periods of susceptibility and resistance to Tetranychus urticae Koch. J Chem Ecol 14:789–796Google Scholar
  85. Hancock JF (1999) Strawberries. CABI Publishing, Wallingford, UKGoogle Scholar
  86. Hancock JF, Bringhurst RS (1979) Ecological differentiation in perennial, octoploid species of Fragaria. Am J Bot 66:367–375Google Scholar
  87. Hancock JF, Bringhurst RS (1988) Yield component interactions in wild populations of California Fragaria. HortScience 23:889–891Google Scholar
  88. Hancock JF, Callow PW, Serçe S, Phan PQ (2003) Variation in the horticultural characteristics of native Fragaria virginiana and F. chiloensis from North and South America. J Am Soc Hortic Sci 128:201–208Google Scholar
  89. Hancock JF, Finn C, Hokanson S, Luby JJ, Goulart B, Demchak K, Callow P, Serce S, Schilder A, Hummer K (2001) A multistate comparison of native octoploid strawberries from North and South America. J Am Soc Hortic Sci 126:579–586Google Scholar
  90. Hancock JF, Flore JA, Galletta GJ (1989) Variation in leaf photosynthetic rates and yield in strawberries. J Soc Hortic Sci 64:449–454Google Scholar
  91. Hancock JF, Maas JL, Shanks CH, Breen PJ, Luby JJ (1990) Strawberries (Fragaria ssp). In: Moore J, Ballington J (eds) Genetic Resources in Temperate Fruit and Nut Crops International Society of Horticultural Sciences, Wageningen, The Netherlands, pp 489–546Google Scholar
  92. Hancock JF, Sakin M, Luby JJ, Dale A, Darnell D (1996) Germplasm resources in octoploid strawberries: Potential sources of genes to increase yield in northern climates. In: Proceedings of the IV North American Strawberry Conference, Gainesville, FLGoogle Scholar
  93. Hancock JF, Scott DH, Lawrence FJ (1996b) Strawberries. In: Janick J, Moore JN (eds) Fruit breeding. vol II. vine and small fruits. John Wiley and Sons, NewYork, pp 419–470Google Scholar
  94. Handley DT, Dill JF, Pollard JE (1991) Field susceptibility of twenty strawberry cultivars to tarnished plant bug injury. Fruit Varieties J 45:166–169Google Scholar
  95. Hansche PE, Bringhurst RS, Voth V (1968) Estimates of genetic and environmental parameters in the strawberry. Proc Am Soc Hortic Sci 92:338–345Google Scholar
  96. Hansen E, Waldo GF (1944) Ascorbic acid content of small fruits in relation to genetic and environmental factors. Food Res 9:453–461Google Scholar
  97. Harland SC, King E (1957) Inheritance of mildew resistance in Fragaria with special reference to cytoplasmic effects. Heredity 11:257Google Scholar
  98. Harrison EP, McQueen-Mason SJ, Manning K (2001) Expression of six expansin genes in relation to extension activity in developing strawberry fruit. J Exp Bot 52:1437–1446PubMedGoogle Scholar
  99. Harrison RE, Luby JJ, Furnier GR (1997) Chloroplast DNA restriction fragment variation among strawberry (Fragaria spp.) taxa. J Am Soc Hortic Sci 122:63–68Google Scholar
  100. Haymes K, Davis TM (1998) Agrobacterium–mediated transformation of ‘Alpine’ Fragaria vesca, and transmission of transgenes to R1 progeny. Plt Cell Rep 17:279–283Google Scholar
  101. Haymes KM, Henken B, Davis TM, van de Weg ME (1997) Identification of RAPD markers linked to a Phytophthora fragariae resistance gene (Rpf1) in the cultivated strawberry. Theor Appl Genet 94:1097–1101Google Scholar
  102. Hedrick UP (1925) The Small Fruits of New York. J.B. Lyon Company, Printers, Albany, NYGoogle Scholar
  103. Hildebrand PD, Braun PG, Renderos WE, Jamieson AR, McRae KB, Binn M (2005) A quantitative method for inoculating strawberry leaves with Xanthomonas fragariae, factors affecting infection, and cultivar reactions. Can J Plant Pathol 27:16–24Google Scholar
  104. Hoffman T, Kalinowski G, Schwab W (2006) RNAi-induced silencing of gene expression in strawberry fruit (Fragaria ×ananassa) by agroinfiltration: a rapid assay for gene function analysis. Plant J 48:818–826Google Scholar
  105. Hokanson S, Maas JL (2001) Strawberry biotechnology, vol. 21. John Wiley & Sons, NewYorkGoogle Scholar
  106. Houde M, Dallaire S, N’Dong D, Sarhan F (2004) Overexpression of the acidic dehydrin WCOR410 improves freezing tolerance in transgenic strawberry leaves. Plant Biotechnol J 2:381–387PubMedGoogle Scholar
  107. Hortynski J (1989) Genotype-environmental interaction in strawberry breeding. Acta Hortic 265:175–180Google Scholar
  108. Howard CM, Maas JL, Chandler CK, Albregts EE (1992) Anthracnose of strawberry caused by the Colletotrichum complex in Florida. Plant Dis 76:976–981Google Scholar
  109. Hsu CS, Watkins R, Bolton AT, Spangelo LPS (1969) Inheritance of resistance to powdery mildew in the cultivated strawberry. Can J Genet Cytol 11:426–438Google Scholar
  110. Hummer K (1995) What’s new in strawberry genetic resources: raw materials for a better berry. In: Pritts MP, Chandler CK, Crocker TE (eds) Proceedings of the IV North American Strawberry Conference, University of Florida, Orlando, pp 79–86Google Scholar
  111. Iannetta P, Escobar N, Roos H, Souleyre E, Hancock R, Witte C, Davis H (2004) Identification, cloning and expression analysis of strawberry (Fragaria ×ananassa) mitochondrial citrate synthase and mitochondrial malate dehydrogenase. Physiol Plant 121:15–26PubMedGoogle Scholar
  112. Jiménez-Bermúdez S, Redondo-Nevado J, Muñoz-Blanco J, Caballero JL, López-Aranda JM, Valpuesta V, Pliego-Alfaro F, Quesada MA, Mercado JA (2002) Manipulation of strawberry fruit softening by antisense expression of a pectate lyase gene. Plant Physiol 128:751–759PubMedGoogle Scholar
  113. Jung S, Jesudurai C, Staton M, Du Z, Ficklin S, Cho I, Abbott A, Tomkins J, Main D (2004) GDR (Genome Database for Rosaceae): Integrated web resources for Rosaceae genomics and genetics research. BMC Bioinformatics 5:130–138PubMedGoogle Scholar
  114. Khanizadeh S, Bélanger A (1997) Classification of 92 strawberry genotypes based on their leaf essential oil composition. Acta Hortic 439:205–210Google Scholar
  115. Kim CH, Seo HD, Cho WD, Kim SB (1982) Studies on varietal resistance and chemical control to the wilt of strawberry caused by Fusarium oxysporum. Korean J Plant Prot 21:61–67Google Scholar
  116. Lal D, Seth JN (1979) Studies on genetic variability in strawberry (Fragaria ×ananassa Duch.). Progressive Hortic 11: 49–53Google Scholar
  117. Lal D, Seth JN (1981) Studies on combining ability in strawberry (Fragaria ×ananassa): 1. Number of inflorescences, number of flowers, days to maturity and number of fruits. Can J Genet Cytol 23: 373–378Google Scholar
  118. LaMondia JA (2004) Field performance of twenty-one strawberry cultivars in a black root rot-infested site. J Am Pom Soc 58:226–232Google Scholar
  119. Larson KD, Shaw DV (1995a) Relative performance of strawberry genotypes on fumigated and nonfumigated soil. J Am Soc Hortic Sci 120:274–277Google Scholar
  120. Larson KD, Shaw DV (1995b) Strawberry nursery soil fumigation and runner plant production. HortScience 30:236–237Google Scholar
  121. Lerceteau-Köhler E, Guerin G, Denoyes-Rothan B (2005) Identification of SCAR markers linked to Rca2 anthracnose resistance gene and their assessment in strawberry germplasm. Theor Appl Genet 111:862–870PubMedGoogle Scholar
  122. Lerceteau-Köhler E, Guérin G, Laigret F, Denoyes-Rothan B (2003) Characterization of mixed disomic and polysomic inheritance in the octoploid strawberry (Fragaria ×ananassa) using AFLP mapping. Theor Appl Genet 107:619–628PubMedGoogle Scholar
  123. Lerceteau-Köhler E, Moing A, Guerin G, Renaud C, Courlit S, Camy D, Praud K, Parisy V, Bellec F, Maucourt M, Rolin D, Roudeillac P, Denoyes-Rothan B (2004) QTL analysis for fruit quality traits in octoploid strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa). Acta Hortic 663:331–335Google Scholar
  124. Lewers KS, Maas JL, Hokanson SC, Gouin C, Hartung JS (2003) Inheritance of resistance in strawberry to bacterial angular leafspot disease caused by Xanthomonas fragariae. J Am Soc Hortic Sci 128:209–212Google Scholar
  125. Luby JJ, Stahler MM (1993) Collection and evaluation of Fragaria virginiana in North America. Acta Hortic 345:49–54Google Scholar
  126. Lundergan CA, Moore JN (1975) Inheritance of ascorbic acid content and color intensity in fruits of strawberry (Fragaria ×ananassa Duch.). J Am Soc Hortic Sci 100:633–635Google Scholar
  127. Maas JL (1998) Compendium of stawberry diseases, 2nd edn. APS Press, Beltsville, MarylandGoogle Scholar
  128. Maas JL, Galletta GJ (1989) Germplasm evaluation for resistance to fungus-incited diseases. Acta Hortic 265:461–472Google Scholar
  129. Maas JL, Galletta GJ, Draper AD (1989) Resistance in strawberry to races of Phytophthora fragariae and to isolates of Verticillium from North America. Acta Hortic 265:521–526Google Scholar
  130. Maas JL, Smith WL (1978) ‘Earliglow’, a possible source of resistance to Botrytis fruit rot in strawberry. HortScience 13:275–276Google Scholar
  131. MacIntyre D, Gooding HJ (1978) The assessment of strawberries for decapping by machine. Hortic Res 18:127–137Google Scholar
  132. MacKenzie SJ, Legard DE, Timmer LW, Chandler CK, Peres NA (2006) Resistance of strawberry cultivars to crown rot caused by Colletrotrichum gloeosporioides isolates from Florida is nonspecific. Plant Dis 90:1091–1097Google Scholar
  133. MacLachlan JB (1974) The inheritance of colour of fruit and the assessment of plants as sources of colour in the cultivated strawberry. Hortic Res 14:29–39Google Scholar
  134. Manning K (1998) Genes for fruit quality in strawberry. In: Cockshull KE, Gray D, Seymour GB, Thomas B (eds) Genetic and environmental manipulation of horticultural crops, vol. 51–61. CAB International, Wallingford, UKGoogle Scholar
  135. Marini RP, Boyce BR (1979) Influence of low temperatures during dormancy on growth and development of ‘Catskill’ strawberry plants. J Am Soc Hortic Sci 104:159–162Google Scholar
  136. Mason DT, Rath N (1980) The relative importance of some yield components in East of Scotland strawberry plantations. Ann Appl Bio 95:399–408Google Scholar
  137. Mathews H, Wagoner W, Kellogg J, Bestwick R (1995) Genetic transformation of strawberry: Stable integration of a gene to control the biosynthesis of ethylene. In Vitro Cell Dev Biol 31:36–43Google Scholar
  138. Medina JL, Moore PP, Shanks CH, Gil FF, Chandler CK (1999) Genotype × environment interaction for resistance to spider mites in Fragaria. J Am Soc Hortic Sci 124:353–357Google Scholar
  139. Medina-Escobar N, Cárdenas J, Muñoz-Blanco J, Caballero JL (1998) Cloning and molecular characterization of a strawberry fruit ripening-related cDNA corresponding a mRNA for a low-molecular-weight-heat-shock protein. Plt Mol Biol 36:33–42Google Scholar
  140. Mehli L, Kjellsen TD, Dewey FM, Hietala AM (2005) A case study from the interaction of strawberry and Botrytis cinerea highlights the benefits of comonitoring both partners at genomic and mRNA level. New Phyt 168:465–474Google Scholar
  141. Mehli L, Schaart JG, Kjellsen TD, Tran DH, Salentijn EMJ, Schouten HJ, Iversen T-H (2004) A gene encoding a polygalacturonase-inhibiting protein (PGIP) shows developmental regulation and pathogen-induced expression in strawberry. New Phyt 163:99–110Google Scholar
  142. Melville AH, Draper AD, Galletta GJ (1980a) Transmission of red stele resistance by inbred strawberry selections. J Am Soc Hortic Sci 105:608–610Google Scholar
  143. Melville AH, Galletta GJ, Draper AD, Ng TJ (1980b) Seed germination and early seedling vigor in progenies of inbred strawberry selections. HortScience 15:49–750Google Scholar
  144. Mezzetti B, Landi L, Pandolfini T, Spena A (2004) The defH9-iaaM auxin-synthesizing gene increases plant fecundity and fruit production in strawberry and raspberry. BMC Biotechnol 4:1–10Google Scholar
  145. Mochizuki T (1995) Past and present strawberry breeding programs in Japan. Advances in Strawberry Research 14:9–17Google Scholar
  146. Moore JN, Brown GR, Bowen HL (1975) Evaluation of strawberry clones for adaptability to once-over mechanical harvest. HortScience 10:407–408Google Scholar
  147. Moore JN, Brown GR, Brown ED (1970) Comparison of factors influencing fruit size in large-fruited and small-fruited clones of strawberry. J Am Soc Hortic Sci 95:827–831Google Scholar
  148. Morgan A, Baker CM, Chu JSF, Lee K, Crandell BA (2002) Production of herbicide tolerant strawberry through genetic engineering. Acta Hortic 567:113–115Google Scholar
  149. Mori T, Kitamura H, Kuroda K (2005) Varietal differences in Fusarium wilt-resistance in strawberry cultivars and the segregation of this trait in F_1 hybrids. J Jap Soc Hortic Sci 75:57–59Google Scholar
  150. Morrow EB, Comstock RE, Kelleher T (1958) Genetic variances in strawberries. Proc Am Soc Hortic Sci 72:170–85Google Scholar
  151. Morrow EB, Darrow GM (1952) Effects of limited inbreeding in strawberries. Proc Am Soc Hortic Sci 59:269–276Google Scholar
  152. Murant AF, Lister RM (1987) European nepoviruses in strawberry. In: Converse RH (ed) Virus diseases of small fruits. USDA/ARS, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  153. Murawski H (1968) Studies on heritability in strawberry varieties. Height of inflorescences, mildew resistance, fruit colour, flesh colour and the shape of the berries. Arch Gartenb 16:293–318Google Scholar
  154. NDong C, Quellet F, Houde M, Sarhan F (1997) Gene expression during cold acclimation in strawberry. Plt Cell Physiol 38:863–870Google Scholar
  155. Nelson MD, Gubler WD, Shaw DV (1996) Relative resistance of 47 strawberry cultivars to powdery mildew in California greenhouse and field environments. Plant Dis 80:326–328Google Scholar
  156. Nemec S (1971) Studies on resistance of strawberry varieties and selections to Mycosphaerella fragariae in southern Illinois. Plant Dis Rep 55:573–576Google Scholar
  157. Nemec S, Blake RC (1971) Reaction of strawberry cultivars and their progenies to leaf scorch in southern Illinois. HortScience 6:497–498Google Scholar
  158. Nicoll MF, Galletta GJ (1987) Variation in growth and flowering habits of Junebearing and everbearing strawberries. J Am Soc Hortic Sci 112:872–880Google Scholar
  159. Olías R, Pérez AG, Sanz C (2002) Catalytic properties of alcohol acyltransferase in different strawberry species and cultivars. Agric Food Chem 50:4031–4036Google Scholar
  160. Ourecky DK, Bourne MC (1968) Breeding and Instron evaluation of strawberry firmness. HortScience 3:92–93Google Scholar
  161. Ourecky DK, Reich JE (1976) Frost tolerance in strawberry cultivars. HortScience 11:413–414Google Scholar
  162. Ourecky DK, Slate GL (1967) Behavior of the everbearing characteristics in strawberries. Proc Am Soc Hortic Sci 91:236–248Google Scholar
  163. Owens CL, Thomashow MF, Hancock JF, Iezzoni AF (2002) CBF1 orthologs in sour cherry and strawberry and the heterologous expression of CBF1 in strawberry. J Am Soc Hortic Sci 127:489–494Google Scholar
  164. Oydvin J (1980) Records of two-spotted spider mite Tetranychus urticae Koch, strawberry mite Steneotarsonemus pallidus Banks and strawberry mildew Sphaerotheca macularis (Wallr.) Magn. in a progeny test of strawberries, 1976–77. Forskning og Forsok i Landbruket 31:1–9Google Scholar
  165. Particka C, Hancock JF (2005) Field evaluation of strawberry genotypes for tolerance to black root rot on fumigated and nonfumigated soil. J Am Soc Hortic Sci 130:688–693Google Scholar
  166. Passey AJ, Barrett KJ, James DJ (2003) Adventitious shoot regeneration from seven commercial strawberry cultivars (Fragaria ×ananassa Duch.) using a range of explant types. Plant Cell Rep 21:397–401PubMedGoogle Scholar
  167. Popova IV, Konstantinova AE, Zekalashvili AU, Zhananov BK (1985) Features of breeding strawberries for resistance to berry molds. Sov Agric Sci 3:29–33Google Scholar
  168. Potter JW, Dale A (1994) Wild and cultivated strawberries can tolerate or resist root-lesion nematode. HortScience 29:1074–1077Google Scholar
  169. Potter D, Luby JJ, Harrison RE (2000) Phylogenetic relationships among species of Fragaria (Rosaceae) inferred from non-coding nuclear and chloroplast DNA sequences. Syst Bot 25:337–348Google Scholar
  170. Powers L (1945) Strawberry breeding studies involving crosses between the cultivated varieties (Fragaria ×ananassa) and the native Rocky Mountain strawberry (F. ovalis). J Agric Res 70:95–122Google Scholar
  171. Powers L (1954) Inheritance of period of blooming in progenies of strawberries. Proc Am Soc Hortic Sci 64:293–298Google Scholar
  172. Reddy ASN, Jena PK, Mukherjee SK, Poovaiah BW (1990) Molecular cloning of cDNAs for auxin-induced mRNAs and developmental expression of the auxin-inducible genes. Plant Mol Biol 14:643–653PubMedGoogle Scholar
  173. Reddy ASN, Poovaiah BW (1990) Molecular cloning and sequencing of a cDNA for an auxin-repressed mRNA: correlation between fruit growth and repression of the auxin-regulated gene. Plant Mol Biol 14:127–136PubMedGoogle Scholar
  174. Rosin FM, Aharoni A, Salentijn EMJ, Schaart JG, Boone MJ, Hannapel DJ (2003) Expression patterns of a putative homolog of AGAMOUS, STAG1, from strawberry. Plant Sci 165:959–968Google Scholar
  175. Salentijn EMJ, Aharoni A, Schaart JG, Boone MJ, Krens FA (2003) Differential gene expression analysis of strawberry cultivars that differ in fruit firmness. Physiol Plant 118:571–578Google Scholar
  176. Sangiacomo MA, Sullivan JA (1994) Introgression of wild species into the cultivated strawberry using synthetic octoploids. Theor Appl Genet 88:349–354Google Scholar
  177. Sargent DJ, Davis TM, Tobutt KR, Wilkinson MJ, Battey NH, Simpson DW (2004a) A genetic linkage map of microsatellite, gene-specific and morphological markers in diploid Fragaria. Theor Appl Genet 109:1385–1391Google Scholar
  178. Sargent DJ, Geibel M, Hawkins JA, Wilkinson MJ, Battey NH, Simpson DW (2004b) Quantitative and qualitative differences in morphological traits revealed between diploid Fragaria species. Ann Bot 94:787–769Google Scholar
  179. Schaart JG, Krens FA, Pelgrom KTP, Mendes O, Rouwendal JA (2004) Effective production of marker-free transgenic strawberry plants using inducible site-specific recombination and a bifunctional selectable marker gene. Plant Biotechnol 2:233–240Google Scholar
  180. Schaart JG, Mehli L, Schouten HJ (2005) Quantification of allele-specific expression of a gene encoding strawberry polygalacturonase-inhibiting protein (PGIP) using Pyrosequencing. Plant J 41:493–500PubMedGoogle Scholar
  181. Schaart JG, Salentijn EMJ, Krens FA (2002) Tissue-specific expression of the β-glucuronidase reporter gene in transgenic strawberry (Fragaria ×ananassa) plants. Plant Cell Rep 21:313–319Google Scholar
  182. Schaefers GA (1980) Yield effects of tarnished plant bug feeding on June-bearing strawberry varieties in New York State. J Econ Entomol 73:721–725Google Scholar
  183. Schuster DJ, Price JF, Martin FG, Howard CM, Albregts EE (1980) Tolerance of strawberry cultivars to twospotted spider mites in Florida. J Econ Entomol 73:52–54Google Scholar
  184. Scott DH, Draper AD (1970) A further note on the longevity of strawberry seed in cold storage. HortScience 5:439Google Scholar
  185. Scott DH, Draper AD, Greeley LW (1972) Interspecific hybridization in octoploid strawberries. HortScience 7:382–384Google Scholar
  186. Scott DH, Lawrence FJ (1975) Strawberries. In: Janick J, Moore JN (eds) Advances in fruit breeding. Purdue University Press, pp 71–79Google Scholar
  187. Serce S, Hancock JF (2005) Inheritance of day-neutrality in octoploid species of Fragaria. J Am Soc Hortic Sci 130:580–584Google Scholar
  188. Shanks CH, Barritt BH (1974) Fragaria chiloensis clones resistant to the strawberry aphid. HortScience 9:202–203Google Scholar
  189. Shanks CH, Chandler CK, Show ED, Moore PP (1995) Fragaria resistance to spider mites at three locations in the United States. HortScience 30:1068–1069Google Scholar
  190. Shanks CH, Moore PP (1995) Resistance to two-spotted spider mite and strawberry aphid in Fragaria chiloensis, F. virginiana, and F. ×ananassa clones. HortScience 30:596–599Google Scholar
  191. Shaw DV (1988) Genotypic variation and genotypic correlations for sugars and organic acids of strawberries. J Am Soc Hortic Sci 113:770–774Google Scholar
  192. Shaw DV (1989) Variation among heritability estimates for strawberries obtained by offspring-parent regressions with relatives raised in separate environments. Euphytica 44:157–162Google Scholar
  193. Shaw DV (1991) Recent advances in the genetics of strawberries. In: Dale A, Luby JJ (eds) The Strawberry into the 21st Century Timber Press, Portland, Oregon, pp 76–83Google Scholar
  194. Shaw DV, Bringhurst RS, Voth V (1987) Genetic variation for quality traits in an advanced-cycle breeding population of strawberries. J Am Soc Hortic Sci 112:699–702Google Scholar
  195. Shaw DV, Bringhurst RS, Voth V (1988) Quantitative genetic variation for resistance to leaf spot (Ramularia tulasnei) in California strawberries. J Am Soc Hortic Sci 113:451–456Google Scholar
  196. Shaw DV, Bringhurst RS, Voth V (1989) Genetic parameters estimated for an advanced-cycle strawberry breeding population at two locations. J Am Soc Hortic Sci 114:823–827Google Scholar
  197. Shaw DV, Famula T (2005) Complex segregation analysis of day-neutrality in domestic strawberry (Fragaria ×ananassa Duch.). Euphytica 145:331–338Google Scholar
  198. Shaw DV, Gordon TR (2003) Genetic response for reaction to Verticillium wilt in strawberry with two stage family and genotypic selection. HortScience 38:432–434Google Scholar
  199. Shaw DV, Sacks EJ (1995) Response in genotypic and breeding value to a single generation of divergent selection for fresh fruit color in strawberry. J Am Soc Hortic Sci 120:270–273Google Scholar
  200. Sherman WB, Janick J, Erickson HT (1966) Inheritance of fruit size in strawberry. Proc Am Soc Hortic Sci 89:309–17Google Scholar
  201. Simpson DW (1987) The inheritance of mildew resistance in everbearing and day-neutral strawberry seedlings. J Hortic Sci 62:329–334Google Scholar
  202. Simpson DW, Easterbrook MA, Bell JA (2002) The inheritance of resistance to the blossom weevil, Anthonomus rubi, in the cultivated strawberry, Fragaria ×ananassa. Plant Breed 121:72–75Google Scholar
  203. Simpson DW, Sharp RS (1988) The inheritance of fruit yield and stolon production in everbearing strawberries. Euphytica 38:65–74Google Scholar
  204. Sjulin TM (2006) Private strawberry breeders in California. HortScience 41:17–19Google Scholar
  205. Sjulin TM, Dale A (1987) Genetic diversity of North American strawberry cultivars. J Am Soc Hortic Sci 112:375–385Google Scholar
  206. Sjulin TM, Robbins J, Barritt BH (1986) Selection for virus tolerance in strawberry. J Am Soc Hortic Sci 111:458–464Google Scholar
  207. Smith BJ, Black LL (1987) Resistance of strawberry plants to Colletotrichum fragariae affected by environmental conditions. Plant Dis 71:834–837Google Scholar
  208. Smith BJ, Black LL (1990) Morphological, cultural and pathogenic variation among Colletotrichum species isolated from strawberry. Plant Dis 74:69–76Google Scholar
  209. Spangelo LPS, Hsu CS, Fejer SO, Bedard PR, Rouselle GL (1971) Heritability and genetic variance components for 20 fruit and plant characters in the cultivated strawberry. Can J Genet Cytol 13:443–456Google Scholar
  210. Stahler MM, Ascher PD, Luby JJ, Roelfs AP (1995) Sexual composition of populations ofFragaria virginiana (Rosaceae) collected from Minnesota and western Wisconsin. Can J Bot 73:1457–1463Google Scholar
  211. Stahler MM, Luby JJ, Ascher PD (1990) Comparative yield of female and hermaphroditic Fragaria virginiana germplasm collected in Minnesota and Wisconsin. In: Dale A, Luby JJ (eds) The Strawberry into the 21st Century Timber Press Portland, Oregon pp. 104–105Google Scholar
  212. Staudt G (1959) Cytotaxonomy and phylogenetic relationships in the genus Fragaria. IX Int Bot Congr Proc 2:377Google Scholar
  213. Staudt G (1967) The genetics and evolution of heterosis in the genus Fragaria II. Species hybridization of F. vesca × F. orientalis and F. viridis × F. orientalis (in German). Z Pflanzenz 58:309–322Google Scholar
  214. Staudt G (1984) Cytological evidence of double restitution in Fragaria. Plant Sys Evol 146: 171–179Google Scholar
  215. Staudt G (1989) The species of Fragaria, their taxonomy and geographical distribution. ActaHortic 265:23–33Google Scholar
  216. Staudt G (1999) Systematics and geographic distribution of the American strawberry species: taxonomic studies in the genus Fragaria (Rosaceae: Potentilleae). Univ Calif Publ Bot 81:1–162Google Scholar
  217. Szczygiel A (1981a) Trials on susceptibility of strawberry cultivars to the needle nematode, Longidorus elongatus. Fruit Sci Rep 8:127–131Google Scholar
  218. Szczygiel A (1981b) Trials on susceptibility of strawberry cultivars to the northern root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne hapla. Fruit Sci Rep 8:115–119Google Scholar
  219. Szczygiel A (1981c) Trials on suceptibility of strawberry cultivars to the root lesion nematode, Pratylenchus penetrans. Fruit Sci Rep 8:121–125Google Scholar
  220. Szczygiel A, Danek J (1974) Pathogenicity of three species of root parasitic nematodes to strawberry plants as related to methods of inoculation. Zeszyty Problemowe Postepow Nauk Rolniczych 154:133–149Google Scholar
  221. Takahashi H (1993) Breeding of strawberry cultivars resistant to Alternaria black spot of strawberry (Alternaria alternata strawberry pathotype). Bull Akita Prefectural Coll Agric 19:1–44Google Scholar
  222. Takahashi H, Yoshida Y, Kanda H, Furuya H, Matsumoto T (2003) Breeding of Fusarium wilt-resistant strawberry cultivar suitable for field culture in Northern Japan. Acta Hortic 626:113–118Google Scholar
  223. Tingey WM, Pillemer EA (1977) Lygus bugs: crop resistance and physiological nature of feeding injury. Bull Entomol Soc Am 23:277–287Google Scholar
  224. Trainotti L, Ferrarese L, Vecchia F dalla, Rascio N, Casadoro G (1999) Two different endo-β-1,4-glucanases contribute to the softening of strawberry fruits. J Plant Physiol 154:355–362Google Scholar
  225. Trainotti L, Spinello R, Piovan A, Spolaore S, Casadoro G (2001) beta – Galactosidases with a lectin-like domain are expressed in strawberry. J Exp Bot 52:1635–1645PubMedGoogle Scholar
  226. Van de Weg WE (1997) A gene-for-gene model to explain interactions between cultivars of strawberry and races of Phytophthora fragariae var fragariae. Theor Appl Genet 94:445–451Google Scholar
  227. Van der Scheer HAT (1973) Susceptibility of strawberry to isolates of Phytophthora cactorum and Phytophthora citricola. Mededelingen van de Faculteit Landbouwwetenschappen, Rijksuniversiteit Gent 38:1407–1415Google Scholar
  228. Viruel MA, Sánchez D, Arús P (2002) An SSR and RFLP linkage map for the octoploid strawberry (Fragaria ×ananassa) In: Plant & Animal Genome x Conference, San Diego, CAGoogle Scholar
  229. Wang J, Ge H, Peng S, Zhang H, Chen P, Xu J (2004) Transformation of strawberry (Fragaria ×ananassa Duch.) with late embryogenesis abundant protein gene. J Hortic Sci Biotechnol 79:735–738Google Scholar
  230. Watkins R, Spangelo LPS, Bolton AT (1970) Genetic variance components in cultivated strawberry. Can J Genet Cytol 12:52–59Google Scholar
  231. Weebadde C, Wang D, Finn CE, Lewers KS, Luby JJ, Bushakra J, Sjulin TM, Hancock JF (2007) Using a linkage mapping approach to identify QTL for day-neutrality in the octoploid strawberry. Plant Breed (In press)Google Scholar
  232. Wenzel WG (1980) Correlation and selection index components. Canadian Journal of Genetics and Cytology 13, 42–50Google Scholar
  233. Wilhelm S, Sagen JA (1974) A History of the Strawberry. University of California Division of Agriculture Publication 4031, BerkeleyGoogle Scholar
  234. Wilkinson JQ, Lanahan MB, Conner TW, Klee HJ (1995) Identification of mRNAs with enhanced expression in ripening strawberry fruit using polymerase chain reaction differential display. Plant Mol Biol 27:1097–1108PubMedGoogle Scholar
  235. Wilson WF Jr, Giamalva MJ (1954) J. Days from bloom to harvest of Louisiana strawberries. Proc Am Soc Hortic Sci 63:201–204Google Scholar
  236. Wing KB, Pritts MP, Wilcox WF (1995) Field resistance of 20 strawberry cultivars to black root rot. Fruit Varieties J 49:94–98Google Scholar
  237. Woolley LC, James DJ, Manning K (2001) Purification and properties of an endo-β-(1,4)-glucanase from strawberry and down-regulation of the corresponding gene, cell. Plant 214:11–21Google Scholar
  238. Xue SM, Bors RH, Strelkov SE (2005) Resistance sources to Xanthomonas fragariae in non-octoploid strawberry species. HortScience 40:1653–1656Google Scholar
  239. Yamamoto M, Namiki F, Nishimura F, Kohmoto K (1985) Studies on host-specific AF-toxins produced by Alternaria alternata strawberry pathotype causing Alternaria black spot of strawberry (3). Use of toxin for determining inheritance of disease reaction in strawberry cultivar Morioka-16. Ann Phytopathol Soc Jpn 51:530–535Google Scholar
  240. Yu H, Davis TM (1995) Genetic linkage between runnering and phosphoglucoisomerase allozymes, and systematic distortion of monogenic segregation ratios in diploid strawberry. J Am Soc Hortic Sci 120:687–690Google Scholar
  241. Yubero-Serrano EM, Moyano E, Medina-Escobar N, Munoz-Blanco J, Caballero JL (2003) Identification of a strawberry gene encoding a non-specific lipid transfer protein that responds to ABA, wounding and cold stress. J Exp Bot 54:1865–1877PubMedGoogle Scholar
  242. Zimmerman RH (1991) Micropropogation of temperate zone fruit and nut crops. In: Debergh PC, Zimmerman RH (eds) Micropropogation: Technology and application. Kluer Academic, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, pp 231–264Google Scholar
  243. Zubov AA, Stankevich KV (1982) Combining ability of a group of strawberry varieties for fruit quality characters (In Russian). Sov Genet 18:984–992Google Scholar
  244. Zurawicz E, Stushnoff C (1977) Influence of nutrition on cold tolerance of ‘Redcoat’ strawberries. J Am Soc Hortic Sci 102:342–346Google Scholar
  245. Zych CC (1966) Fruit maturation times of strawberry varieties. Fruit Varieties Hortic Dig 20:51–53Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • J.F. Hancock
    • 1
  • T.M. Sjulin
  • G.A. Lobos
  1. 1.Department of Horticulture, 342C Plant and Soil Sciences BuildingMichigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA

Personalised recommendations