During the 1970s and 1980s the issue of toxic pollution from multinationals gained international significance while anti-toxics campaigns became widespread. With increased understandings of the risks posed by toxic pollution, due to increasing media coverage a ‘new issue’ (Szasz 1999) developed in community politics, initially in the USA and subsequently across the globe, including Ireland. As with most new social movement activity there was a good deal of interaction between various campaigns as anti-war and anti-nuclear protests came to provide momentum and influence for anti-toxics groups across the USA. Issues such as the use of ‘agent orange’ herbicide defoliant in populated areas during the Vietnam War and the risks posed by radiation informed the stance of anti-toxics campaigners who framed their protests around health-risks and corporate indifference to host communities.


Host Community Toxic Pollution Community Campaign Political Opportunity Structure Love Canal 
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© Springer Science + Business Media B.V 2008

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