Genomic analysis of antifungal metabolite production by Pseudomonas fluorescens Pf-5

Chapter

Abstract

The complete genomic sequences of several Pseudomonas spp. that inhabit the rhizosphere are now available, providing a new opportunity to advance knowledge of plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) through genomics. Among these is the biological control bacterium Pseudomonas fluorescens Pf-5. Nearly 6% of the 7.07 Mb genome of Pf-5 is devoted to the biosynthesis of secondary metabolites, including antibiotics toxic to soilborne fungi and Oomycetes that infect plant roots, and two siderophores involved in iron acquisition. Three orphan gene clusters, for which the encoded natural product was unknown, also were identified in the genome of Pf-5. The product synthesized from one of the orphan gene clusters was identified recently using a new ‘genomisotopic approach’, which employs a combination of genomic sequence analysis and isotope guided fractionation. Application of the genomisotopic approach to one orphan gene cluster in Pf-5 resulted in the discovery of orfamide A, founder of a new group of bioactive cyclic lipopep-tides with a putative role in biological control of plant disease.

Keywords

Cyanide Cyclic lipopeptides 2,4-Diacetylphloroglucinol Orphan gene clusters Pyrrolnitrin Pyoluteorin Mcf toxin 

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© KNPV 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Horticultural Crops Research Laboratory, Agricultural Research ServiceUS Department of AgricultureCorvallisUSA
  2. 2.Institute for Pharmaceutical BiologyUniversity of BonnBonnGermany

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