Commentary on Turing’s “Computing Machinery and Intelligence”

  • John Lucas


Turing’s aim was to refute claims that aspects of human intelligence were in some mysterious way superior to the Artificial Intelligence (AI) that Turing machines might be programmed to manifest. He sought to do this by proposing a conversational test to distinguish human from AI, a test which, he claimed, would, by the end of the 20th century, fail to work. And, it must be admitted, it often does fail – but not because machines are so intelligent, but because humans, many of them at least, are so wooden.


Turing Machine Algorithmic Intelligence Human Intelligence Computing Machinery Page Reference 
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  1. Hofstadter, D., 1979, Gödel, Escher, Bach: An Eternal Golden Braid, Basic Books, New York, pp. 475–476.Google Scholar
  2. Lucas, J., 1961, Minds, machines and Gödel, PhilosophyXXXVI: 112–127; reprinted in 1963, The Modeling of Mind, K. M. Sayre and F. J. Crosson, eds., Notre Dame Press, pp. 269–270; and 1954, Minds and Machines, Anderson, A. R., ed., Prentice-Hall, pp. 43–59.Google Scholar
  3. Turing, A. M., 1950, Computing machinery and intelligence, Mind 59: 433–460; reprinted in Anderson, A. R., 1964, Minds and Machines, Englewood Cliffs, pp. 4–30; Page references to this version are in parentheses, thus (p. 16.); also in 1990, The Philosophy of Artificial Intelligence, M. Boden, ed., Oxford University Press; Page references to this version are in round brackets, thus {p. 52}.CrossRefMathSciNetGoogle Scholar

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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Lucas
    • 1
  1. 1.Merton CollegeOxfordUK

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