In Vitro Strategies for Conservation of Plant Diversity in India
The Indian Sub-continent has been identified as one of the world’s ‘mega-diversity’ regions with two ‘hotspots’, namely, the Western Ghats/Sri Lanka and the Indo–Burma region (covering the Eastern Himalayas) (Myers et al., 2000). About 33% of the Indian flora is endemic to the country and is confined to the Western Ghats, Northeast, Northwest Himalayas, and the Andaman and Nicobar islands. However, in recent years, many a plant species including several unique and irreplaceable varieties has been under the threat of extinction.
- Kumaria S, Tandon P (2001) Orchids: The world’s most wondrous plants. In: Pathak P, Sehgal RN, Shekhar N, Sharma M, Sood A (eds) Orchids: Science and Commerce. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, India, pp. 17-28.Google Scholar
- Pence VC (1999) The application of biotechnology for the conservation of endan-gered plants. In: Bensen EE (ed) Plant Conservation Biotechnology. Taylor and Francis, London, pp. 227-250.Google Scholar
- Tandon P, Kumaria S (2005) Prospects of plant conservation biotechnology in India with special reference to Northeast region. In: Tandon P, Sharma M, Swarup R (eds) Biodiversity: Status and Prospects. Narosa Publishing House, New Delhi, India, pp. 79-92.Google Scholar