Forestry and Rural Development: Global Trends and Applications to the Sino-Italian Context
International Agreements, as those on biodiversity, sustainable development and climate change, have recognized the role of forests at the global scale identifying also the risk of the impact of environmental changes on forests’ stability and functions. A sound management of natural and man-made forests and their extension can help counteracting the risks of global change. Humankind is increasingly challenging environmental degradation: deforestation, land degradation and erosion of biological diversity. Foresters are urgently required to improve productivity and sustainability of planted forests in an effort to preserve natural forests. In Europe as well as in other Countries, a large development of tree plantations is expected to occur mainly in the agricultural areas since planting trees will ensure a sustained, high productivity of woody biomass and interesting revenues to farmers. The role of forestry and agro-forestry is then discussed also in relation to the Sino-Italian scientific cooperation in this field.
KeywordsSoil Erosion Natural Forest Rural Development Tarim Basin Clean Development Mechanism
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