Skip to main content

Rethinking Educational Aims in an Era of Globalization

  • Chapter

Part of the CERC Studies in Comparative Education book series (CERC,volume 20)

In this chapter, I want to discuss some of the ways in which educational aims are currently being re-crafted in relation to the emerging interpretations of globalization. I argue that while the traditional approaches to thinking about aims are no longer sufficient because they mostly remain nation-centric and do not adequately engage with the new global realities of transnational economic, political and cultural interconnectivities, the new approaches driven by the international organizations are equally flawed. They indicate an unmistakable trend towards uniformity, and demand a convergence in thinking, accepting similar diagnoses of problems confronting educational systems with widely differing social, political and economic traditions. They propose similar solutions and programs of educational reform. They display a major shift to neo-liberal policy thinking, manifested most clearly in privatization policies, and in policies that assume the validity of market mechanisms to solve most of the various crises facing nation-states and civil society. They do this by working with a par ticular social imaginary that is largely inimical to the values of democracy and justice. As a result, they fail to develop broader visions of education aimed at preparing students to be critically informed and engaged with globalization’s new challenges, threats and opportunities.

Keywords

  • Social Capital
  • Educational System
  • Global Economy
  • Social Mobility
  • Knowledge Economy

These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

Chapter
USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4020-6583-5_3
  • Chapter length: 29 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
eBook
USD   149.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-1-4020-6583-5
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Hardcover Book
USD   199.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  • APEC (2004): ‘3rd APEC Education Ministerial Meeting: Sub Theme Paper 1, Strategic Plan for English Language/Foreign Language Learning,’ Santiago, Chile, http://biblioteca.mineduc.cl/documento/English_APEC_strategic_plan_final_21-4-04.pdf Retrieved: January 2006.

  • Appudarai, A. (1996): Modernity at Large: Cultural Dimensions of Globalization. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Appadurai, A. (2001): ‘Grassroots Globalization and the Research Imagination’, in: Appadurai, A. (ed.), Globalization. Durham NC: Duke University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Becker, G. (1964): Human Capital: A Theoretical and Empirical Analysis, with Special Reference to Education. New York: Columbia University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Castoriadis, C. (1987): The Imaginary Institution of Society, translated by Kathleen Blamey. Cambridge: MIT Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Cohen, R. & Kennedy, P. (2000): Global Sociology. New York: New York University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Dewey, J. (1916): Democracy and education. London: Macmillan.

    Google Scholar 

  • Durkheim, E. (1972): Selected Writings. Edited and translated by Anthony Giddens. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Falk, R. (1992): Explorations at the Edge of Time: The Prospects for World Order. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Field, J. & Leicester, M. (2000): Lifelong Learning: Education Across the Lifespan. London: Routledge Falmer.

    Google Scholar 

  • Foray, D. & Lundvall B. (1996) Employment and Growth in the Knowledge-Based Economy, Paris: OECD.

    Google Scholar 

  • Friedman, T. (2000): The Lexus and the Olive Tree. New York: First Anchor Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Gellner, E. (1983): Nations and Nationalism. Oxford: Blackwell.

    Google Scholar 

  • Goankar, D. (2002): ‘Toward New Imaginaries: An Introduction’ Public Culture. Vol.14, No. 1, pp.1-19.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Hall, S. (1996): Stuart Hall: Critical Dialogues in Cultural Studies. London; Routledge.

    Google Scholar 

  • Harvey, D. (1989): The Condition of Postmodernity. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers.

    Google Scholar 

  • Held, D. & McGrew, A. (eds.) Second Edition (2000): The Global Transformation Reader: An Introduction to the Globalization Debate. Cambridge: Polity Press, pp.1-19.

    Google Scholar 

  • Henry, M., Lingard, B., Rizvi, F. & Taylor, S. (2001): The OECD, Globalization and Education Policy. Oxford: Pergamon Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Hirst, P. & Peters, R. (1970): The Logic of Education, London: Routledge.

    Google Scholar 

  • Labaree, D. (2003) How to Succeed in School without really learning: The credential race in American education, New Haven: Yale University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Larner, W. (2000): ‘Neo-liberalism: Policy, ideology and Governmentality’ in Studies in Political Economy. No.63, pp.5-25.

    Google Scholar 

  • Maffesoli, M. (1993): ‘Introduction: The Social Imaginary’ Current Sociology, 41(2), pp.1-7.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Mundy, K. (1998): ‘Educational Multilateralism and World (Dis)order, in Comparative Education Review. Vol.42, No. 4, 1998, pp.448-478.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Nodding, N. (1995): ‘Response to Suppes’, http://www.ed.uiuc.edu/EPS/PES-Yearbook/95_docs/noddings.html, Retrieved: January 2006.

  • OECD (1996a): Globalization and Linkages to 2030: Challenges and Opportunities for OECD Countries. Paris: OECD.

    Google Scholar 

  • OECD (1996b): Life-Long Learning for All. Paris: OECD.

    Google Scholar 

  • OECD (2004): Innovation in the Knowledge Economy: Implications for Education and Learning. produced by CERI, Paris: OECD.

    Google Scholar 

  • Paul, J. (2002): ‘University and the Knowledge-based Economy’ in: Enders, J. & Fulton, O. (eds.) Higher Education in a Globalizing World. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

    Google Scholar 

  • Peters, M. (2001) ‘National education policy constructions of the ‘knowledge economy’: Towards a critique’ in Journal of Educational Enquiry, Vol.2, No. 1, pp.58-71.

    Google Scholar 

  • Peck, P. & Tickell, A. (2002) ‘Neoliberalizing Space’ In Antipode: A Radical Journal of Geography, Vol.34, No. 3, pp.380-409.

    Google Scholar 

  • Rizvi, F. (2004): ‘Theorizing the Global Convergence of Restructuring Policies in Education’ in: Lindblad, S. & Popkewitz, T. (eds) Educational Restructuring: International Perspectives on Traveling Policies. Greenwich, CT: Information Age Publishing, pp.94-115.

    Google Scholar 

  • Rizvi, F. (2005): ‘Globalization and the Dilemmas of Internationalization in Australian Higher Education’, in Access: Critical Perspectives on Communication, Cultural and Policy Studies. Vol.24, No. 1, pp.86-101.

    Google Scholar 

  • Schirato, T. & Webb, J. (2003): Understanding Globalization. London: Sage.

    Google Scholar 

  • Schugurensky, D. (1999): ‘Higher Education Restructuring in the Era of Globalization: Toward a Heteronomous Model?’ in: Arnove, R. & Torres, C. (eds) Comparative Education: The Dialectic of the Global and the Local. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, pp.283-304.

    Google Scholar 

  • Smith, M.P. (2001): Transnational Urbanism: Locating Globalization. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers.

    Google Scholar 

  • Soros, G. (1998): The Crisis of Global Capitalism. Boston: Little, Brown.

    Google Scholar 

  • Strange, S. (1996): The Retreat of the State: The Diffusion of Power in the World Economy. Cambridge England: Cambridge University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Suppes, P. (1995): ‘The Aims of Education’, http://www.ed.uiuc.edu/EPS/PES-Yearbook/95_docs/suppes.html, Retrieved: January 2006.

  • Taylor, C. (2004): Modern Social Imaginaries. Durham: Duke University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Thomson, P. (1999) Towards a Just Future: Schools working in Partnership with Neighborhoods made poor’ paper presented at UNESCO conference on Reforming Learning, Bangkok Thailand, December.

    Google Scholar 

  • Waters, M. (1995): Globalization. London: Routledge.

    Google Scholar 

  • Whitehead, A.N. (1929): The Aims of Education and Other Essays. New York: Free Press.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 2007 Comparative Education Research Centre

About this chapter

Cite this chapter

Rizvi, F. (2007). Rethinking Educational Aims in an Era of Globalization. In: Mason, M., Hershock, P.D., Hawkins, J.N. (eds) Changing Education. CERC Studies in Comparative Education, vol 20. Springer, Dordrecht. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-6583-5_3

Download citation