Planning the World Metropolis on an Island-City Scale: Urban Innovation as a Constraint and Tool for Global Change
Urban planning in Singapore occupies a quite unusual position in the city-state’s development, as an engine for most of the sectoral and strategic changes that occurred during the last four decades. This fact is well admitted by many professional planners and urban research scholars. What might have been less observed or analysed are the links between Singapore’s urban planning strategies and its integration in the world economy. The hypothesis developed in the present chapter is that these two dimensions, the territorial one and the transactional one, may be considered as two faces of a “global city” project.
In this respect, Singapore’s current strong position in the global economy is not to be taken as the simple result of a process driven by external economic forces (e.g. transnational capital involved in industrial relocation and foreign direct investment), but rather as a result of a political will, taking advantage of the strategic location of Singapore as a major seaport in the Far-East and using its exceptional planning and anticipation capacities in order to cope with its vulnerability as a small island-state in a period that witnesses the rising of large independent nation-states.
Therefore, this chapter aims to approach Singapore’s internationally recognized performance in urban planning not only as a tool in meeting the demands of the international economy or for protecting the national territory against adverse environmental and social impacts, but also as a means for the city-state to keep its competitive advantages through permanent urban and territorial adjustments and innovations.
KeywordsUrban Planning Public Housing Urban Renewal Global City Town Development
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Bunnell T (2004) Malaysia, modernity and the multimedia super corridor: A critical geography of intelligent landscapes. Routledge, LondonGoogle Scholar
- Cheng SH (1991) Economic change and industrialization. In: Chew Ernest CT, Lee E (eds.) A history of Singapore. Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp 182–215Google Scholar
- Dale OJ (1999) Urban planning in Singapore: The transformation of a city. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
- De Koninck R (2006) Singapour: La cité-Etat ambitieuse. Belin (Asie plurielle), ParisGoogle Scholar
- Laigle L (2006) Métropolisation et développement durable, Pouvoirs locaux 70 (III): 33–36Google Scholar
- Leifer M (2000) Singapore’s foreign policy: Coping with vulnerability. Routledge, LondonGoogle Scholar
- Liu T-K (1998) From megacity to constellation city: Towards sustainable Asian cities. In: To TS (ed.) Megacities, labour, communications. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, Singapore, pp 3–26Google Scholar
- Lo F-c, Yeung Y-m (eds.) (1996–1999) Emerging world cities in Pacific Asia. United Nations University Press (in association with The Chinese University of Hong Kong), TokyoGoogle Scholar
- McGee TG (1998) Five decades of urbanization in Southeast Asia: A personal encounter. In: Yeung Y-m (ed.) Urban development in Asia: Retrospect and prospect. The Chinese University of Hong Kong – Hong Kong Institute of Asia-Pacific Studies, Hong Kong, pp 55–91Google Scholar
- Ooi GL (1995) (ed.) Environment and the city: Sharing Singapore’s experience and future challenges. Times Academic Press/The Institute of Policy Studies, SingaporeGoogle Scholar
- Ooi GL (1999) (ed.) Model cities: Urban best practices, Vol. 1, Urban Redevelopment Authority/The Institute of Policy Studies, SingaporeGoogle Scholar
- Quah JST (1987) Statutory boards. In: Quah JST, Chan HC, Seah CM (eds.) Government and politics of Singapore. Oxford University Press, Singapore, pp 120–145Google Scholar
- Rodan G (2001) Singapore: Globalisation and the politics of economic restructuring. In: Rodan G, Hewison K, Robinson R (eds.) Political economy of Southeast Asia: Conflicts, crises, and change. Oxford University Press, Melbourne, pp 138–177Google Scholar
- Sassen S (2001) Politics of the global city: Claiming rights to urban spaces. In: United Nations Centre for Human Settlements (Habitat), Cities in a globalizing world. Global Report on Human Settlements 2001, Nairobi, pp 69–76Google Scholar
- Trocki CA (2006) Singapore: Wealth, power and the culture of control. Routledge, LondonGoogle Scholar
- Veltz P (1996) Mondialisation, villes et territoires. L’économie d’archipel. Presses Universitaires de France, ParisGoogle Scholar
- Wong T-C, Yap L-HA (2004) Four decades of transformation: Land use in Singapore 1960–2000. Eastern Universities Press by Marshall Cavendish, SingaporeGoogle Scholar