Ice Cloud Formation Mechanisms Inferred from in situ Measurements of Particle Number-size Distribution

  • Y. Tobo
  • D. Zhang
  • Y. Iwasaka
  • G. -Y. Shi
Conference paper

Ice crystals in cirrus clouds are formed via homogeneous or heterogeneous pathway. This work addresses in situ measurements of ice crystal concentrations in the region that is thought to be in a favorable condition for ice nucleation. Based on a series of measurements by a balloon-borne optical particle counter, possible scenarios of ice cloud formations will be discussed.

Keywords Balloon-borne measurements, optical particle counter, ice crystals, homogeneous and heterogeneous ice nucleation


Cirrus Cloud Background Aerosol Optical Particle Counter Continental Aerosol Tropopause Region 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Y. Tobo
    • 1
  • D. Zhang
    • 2
  • Y. Iwasaka
    • 3
  • G. -Y. Shi
    • 4
  1. 1.Graduate School of Natural Science and TechnologyKanazawa UniversityJapan
  2. 2.Faculty of Environmental and Symbiotic SciencesPrefectural University of KumamotoJapan
  3. 3.Institute of Natural and Environmental TechnologyKanazawa UniversityJapan
  4. 4.Institute of Atmospheric PhysicsChinese Academy of ScienceChina

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