Hydrogen Fueling Sustainability of Energy Systems, Regional Integration, and Development: The Sahara Wind Project
With a 96% energy dependency from fossil fuel imports absorbing most of Morocco’s export revenues, developing new sustainable energy consumption alternatives is of critical importance. Morocco’s location on the main routes of migrant populations from Sub-Saharan Africa and being itself an exporter of immigrants, together constitute a significant security threat to both the region and NATO countries. The situation is fairly similar in Mauritania, whose scarce population is distributed over a vast territory in which access to electricity is difficult to grant through conventional grid infrastructures. Initially encouraged to provide employment in the relatively poor North Sea regions of Germany, the wind energy industry has emerged in the last ten years, as a major business providing most competitive prices of electricity even when operated under marginal European wind conditions. The trade winds that blow along the Atlantic coast from Morocco to Senegal represent the largest and most productive wind potential available on earth. Because of the erratic nature of winds, however, wind energy cannot be integrated locally on any significant scale unless far ranging, more advanced energy technologies are considered. Wind-electrolysis for the production of hydrogen offers great possibilities in absorbing large quantities of cheap generated wind electricity to maximize renewable energy uptake in the weak grids infrastructures of the region. This project is initiated by Sahara Wind Inc., a company from the private sector to serve as the foundation of an ambitious program supporting a vision highlighting possibilities for tackling energy scarcity and sustainable development objectives on a regional basis. This combination is likely to take advantage of the significant breakthroughs expected to happen in the near future regarding hydrogen technologies particularly through its association with large sources of renewable energies
KeywordsWind Turbine Hydrogen Production Wind Energy Electricity Market Trade Wind
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