The OECD and Global Shifts in Education Policy

  • Fazal Rizvi
  • Bob Lingard
Part of the Springer International Handbooks of Education book series (SIHE, volume 22)

In 1994, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) published an important account of its work on education. The author of this account was none other than George Papadopoulos, the highly regarded deputy director responsible for education in the then Directorate for Social Affairs. Although celebratory in tone, Papadopoulos closely examined the planning and implementation of the organization's educational activities between 1960 and 1990, situating them within the context of the OECD's broader interest in economic policies. He suggested that this period was characterized by much debate and various shifts in policy focus. In the 1960s, for example, quality in education and human resource development were the major issues, replaced in the 1970s with concerns of equality of educational opportunity and the democratization of education (Papadopoulos, 1994: 202).

At the end of 1980s, however, Papadopoulos sensed further changes occurring within the OECD, with educational policy again becoming more closely aligned to economic imperatives. He noted that: the exponential growth of knowledge and rapid technological change; economic restructuring and changes in labor markets; changing attitudes to the role of the state in initiating and funding public policy; the emergence of new concerns about social equity and cohesion; and a market-driven and consumption-oriented society and the growing political, economic, and cultural interdependence of countries inevitably demanded some shifts in the OECD's policy work in education.

Keywords

Migration Europe Income Coherence Arena 

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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fazal Rizvi
  • Bob Lingard

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