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Archimedes (287–212 BC)

  • Thomas G. Chondros
Part of the History of Mechanism and Machine Science book series (HMMS, volume 1)

Abstract

Archimedes (ca. 287–212 BC) was born in Syracuse, in the Greek colony of Sicily. He studied mathematics at the Museum in Alexandria. Archimedes systematized the design of simple machines and the study of their functions. He was probably the inventor of the compound pulley and developed a rigorous theory of levers and the kinematics of the screw. He is the founder of statics and of hydrostatics, and his machine designs fascinated subsequent writers. Archimedes was both a great engineer and a great inventor, but his books concentrated on applied mathematics and mechanics and rigorous mathematical proofs. Archimedes was also known as an outstanding astronomer; his observations of solstices were used by other astronomers of the era.

Keywords

Torsion Spring Integral Calculus Simple Machine Latin Translation Spiral Line 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas G. Chondros
    • 1
  1. 1.Mechanical Engineering and Aeronautics DepartmentUniversity of PatrasPatrasGreece

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