Detection, Monitoring, And Warning
From the first day following the accident at Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant (ChNPP), one of the most serious problems was to prevent general contamination of the Dnieper water system and to guarantee safe water consumption for people living in the affected zone. The water protection and development of monitoring programs for the affected water bodies were among the most important postaccident countermeasures taken by the Government Bodies in Ukraine. To solve the water quality problem for Kiev, an emergency water intake at the Desna River was constructed within a very short period. Since the accident, 192 groundwater wells (out of 368 constructed) have been supplying potable water to the city of Kiev through a series of pumps and reservoirs. The most effective measures to reduce radioactivity in drinking water are those, which operate at the water treatment and distribution stage.
KeywordsGeographical Information System Synthetic Aperture Radar Water Supply System Water Distribution System Water Distribution Network
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