Advertisement

Corrective Actions at the Application Level for Streaming Video in WiFi Ad Hoc Networks

  • E. M. Macías
  • A. Suárez
  • J. Martín

Abstract

—Efficient video streaming in a mobile ad hoc network (MANET) is a challenging problem due to the dynamic nature of the network that leads to high bit error rates, unpredictable delay, jitter, throughput and packet delivery ratios and frequent short, intermittent and long-term link failures. Despite the MANET research community’s efforts, there are still open problems. For example, protocols and mechanisms that hide these issues to the video streaming applications users are still in early stages. However, these applications must tolerate transparently the dynamic behavior of the network and be able to progress in presence of disconnections. In practice, this is the exception rather the rule. In this paper, we present a multilayer cooperative solution to detect disconnections and reconnections between a video streaming server and a client and we propose corrective actions at the application level. With our transparent approach to the user, the video streaming sessions can tolerate frequent long and short disconnections and use more efficiently the shared wireless bandwidth.

Keywords

Transmission Control Protocol Corrective Action Packet Delivery Ratio Proxy Server User Datagram Protocol 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. [1]
    M.D. Kwong, S. Cherkaoui, and R. Lefebvre, “Multiple description and multi-path routing for robust voice transmission over ad-hoc networks”, in 2006 IEEE International Conference on Wireless and Mobile Computing, Networking and Communications, pp. 262-267.Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    Y. Tashiro, Y. Yashima, and H. Fuju, “NTT’s technologies for next-generation video services”, ACM Computers in Entertainment, vol. 4 (1), January 2006.Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    P. Fröjdh, U. Horn, M. Kampmann, A. Nohlgren, and M. Westerlund, “Adaptive streaming within the 3GPPP packet-switched streaming service”, IEEE Network, vol. 20 (2), pp. 34–40, March-April 2006.Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    N. Cranley, and M. Davis, “Study of behaviour of video streaming over IEEE 802.11b WLAN networks”, in 2006 IEEE International Conference on Wireless and Mobile Computing, Networking and Communications, pp. 349–355.Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    O.I. Hillestad, A. Perkins, V. Genc, S. Murphy, and J. Murphy, “Delivery of on-demand video services in rural areas via IEEE 802.16 broadband wireless access networks”, in 2006 Proceedings of the Second ACM International Workshop on Wireless Multimedia Networking and Performance Modeling, pp. 43-51.Google Scholar
  6. [6]
    H. Fujisawa, H. Minami, M. Yamamoto, Y. Izumi, and Y. Fujita, “Route selection using retransmission packets for video streaming on ad hoc networks”, in 2006 IEEE Radio and Wireless Symposium, pp. 607–610.Google Scholar
  7. [7]
    J. Ding, C. Lin, and K. Huang, “ARS: an adaptive reception scheme for handheld devices supporting mobile video streaming services”, in 2006 IEEE International Conference on Consumer Electronics, Digest of Technical Papers, pp. 141–142.Google Scholar
  8. [8]
    G. Cunningham, S. Murphy, L. Murphy, and P. Perry, “Seamless handover of streamed video over UDP between wireless LANs”, in 2005 Consumer Communications and Networking Conference, pp. 284–289.Google Scholar
  9. [9]
    J. Li, and L. Li, “Research of transmission and control of real-time MPEG-4 video streaming for multi-channel over wireless QoS mechanism”, in 2006 1stInternational Multi-Symposiums on Computer and Computational Sciences, vol. 2, pp. 257-261.Google Scholar
  10. [10]
    C. Siva Ram Murthy, and B. S. Manoj, Ad Hoc Wireless Networks. Architectures and Protocols. Prentice Hall, PTR, 2004.Google Scholar
  11. [11]
    G. Yang, L. Chen, T. Sun, M. Gerla, and M.Y. Sanadidi, “Real-time streaming over wireless links: a comparative study”, in 2005 Proceedings of 10thIEEE Symposium on Computers and Communications, pp. 249–254.Google Scholar
  12. [12]
    M. Li, C. Lee, E. Agu, M. Claypool, and R. Kinicki, “Performance enhancement of TFRC in wireless ad hoc networks”, in 2004 Proceedings of the 10thInternational Conference on Distributed Multimedia Systems.Google Scholar
  13. [13]
    S. Lohier, Y. Ghamri-Doudane, and G. Pujolle, “MAC-layer adaptation to improve TCP flow performance in 802.11 wireless networks”, in2006 IEEE International Conference on Wireless and Mobile Computing, Networking and Communications, pp. 427–433.Google Scholar
  14. [14]
    IEEE 802.11, The Working Group Setting the Standards for Wireless LANs [Online]. Available: underline http://grouper.ieee.org/groups/802/11/Google Scholar
  15. [15]
    J. Karlsson, H. Li, and J. Eriksson, “Real-time video over wireless ad-hoc networks”, in 2005 14thInternational Conference on Computer Communications and Networks, San Diego, California.Google Scholar
  16. [16]
    T.H. Clausen, and P. Jacquet. (2003, October). Optimized Link State Routing Protocol, RFC3626, Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) [Online]. Available: underline http://ietf.org/rfc/rfc3626.txtGoogle Scholar
  17. [17]
    T. Goff, N.B. Abu-Ghazaleh, D.S. Phatak, and R. Kahvecioglu, “Preemptive routing in ad hoc networks”, in 2001 ACM SIGMOBILE, pp. 43-52.Google Scholar
  18. [18]
    G. Gaertner, and V. Cahill, “Understanding link quality in 802.11 mobile ad hoc networks”, IEEE Internet Computing, pp. 55-60, January-February 2004.Google Scholar
  19. [19]
    J. Bardwell. (2004). You Believe You Understand What You Think I Said. The Truth About 802.11 Signal and Noise Metrics [Online]. Available: underline http://www.connect802.com/download/techpubs/2004/you_believe_D100201.pdfGoogle Scholar
  20. [20]
    A. Adya, P. Bahl, R. Chandra, and L. Qiu, “Architecture and techniques for diagnosing faults in IEEE 802.11 infrastructure networks”, in 2004 10thAnnual International Conference on Mobile Computing and Networking, pp. 30-44.Google Scholar
  21. [21]
    S. Ghandeharizadeh, S. Kapadia, and B. Krishnamachari, “Server replication techniques for display of continuous media in mobile ad hoc networks”, Computer Science Department, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, Tech. Rep. 2005.Google Scholar
  22. [22]
    V. Sunderam, J. Pascoe, and G. Tonev, “Reconciling the characteristics of wired and wireless networks: the Janus approach”, in 2002 4thAnnual International Workshop on Active Middleware Services.Google Scholar
  23. [23]
    O L S R . O R G [Online]. Available: underline http://www.olsr.org/Google Scholar
  24. [24]
    E. Macías, A. Suárez, J. Martín, and V. Sunderam, “Using OLSR for streaming video in 802.11 ad hoc networks to save bandwidth”, Special Issue of IAENG, in press.Google Scholar
  25. [25]
    VideoLAN - Free Software and Open Source Video Streaming Solution for Every OS! [Online]. Available: underline http://www.videolan.org/ enddocumentGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. M. Macías
    • 1
  • A. Suárez
    • 1
  • J. Martín
    • 1
  1. 1.Grupo de Arquitectura y Concurrencia, Departamento de Ingeniería TelemáticaUniversidad de Las Palmas de G. C. Campus Universitario de Tafira, 35017 Las Palmas de G. CSpain

Personalised recommendations