Hierarchical Structure and Repair of Bone: Deformation, Remodelling, Healing

  • Peter Fratzl
  • Richard Weinkamer
Part of the Springer Series in Materials Science book series (SSMATERIALS, volume 100)

The design of natural materials follows a radically different paradigm as compared to engineering materials: organs are growing rather than being fabricated. As a main consequence, adaptation to changing conditions remains possible during the whole lifetime of a biological material. As a typical example of such a biological material, bone is constantly laid down by bone forming cells, osteoblasts, and removed by bone resorbing cells, osteoclasts. With this remodelling cycle of bone resorption and formation, the skeleton is able to adapt to changing needs at all levels of structural hierarchy. The hierarchical structure of bone is summarized in the second part of this chapter.

Keywords

Porosity Hydroxyl Enthalpy Turkey Apatite 

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Copyright information

© Springer 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter Fratzl
    • 1
  • Richard Weinkamer
    • 1
  1. 1.Max Planck Institute of Colloids and Interfaces, Research Campus GolmGermany

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