Exploring the Mechancial Design of Wood at the Micro-And Nanoscale

  • I. Burgert
Conference paper


Wood is known for its excellent mechanical properties with respect to the low density. Its mechanical behaviour can be described by means of an orthotropic elasto-plastic material model [1]. The wood structure expresses a compromise between strengthening and stiffening on one hand and the demands of water transport inside the stem of the tree on the other hand [2,3].


Macroscopic Property Excellent Mechanical Property Wood Structure Macroscopic Behaviour Cambial Activity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    Mackenzie-Helnwein, P., Eberhardsteiner, J. and Mang, H.A., Holzforschung, vol. 59, 311–321, 2005CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Niklas, K. J., Plant biomechanics, Chicago Univ. Press, Chicago, USA, 1992.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Booker, R.E. and Sell, J., Holz als Roh-und Werkstoff, vol. 56, 1–8, 1998.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Speck, T., Rowe, N. and Spatz, H.-C., Technische Biologie und Bionik 3-BIONA-report, vol. 10,101–131,1996Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Sahnen, L., In Proceedings of the Third Plant Biomechanics Conference, edited by H.-C. Spatz and T. Speck, George Thieme Verlag, Stuttgart, 2000, 452–462.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Bodner J., Grüll, G. and Schlag, M., Holzforschung, vol. 51, 487–490, 1997.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Frühmann, K., Burgert, I., Tschegg, E. K. and Stanzl-Tschegg, S. E., Holzforschung, vol. 57, 326–332, 2003.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Mott, L., Shaler, S., Groom, L. and Liang, B.-H., Tappi, vol. 78, 143–148, 1995.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Akerholm, M. and Salmén, L., Polymer, vol. 42, 963–969, 2001CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Keckes, J., Burgert, L, Frühmann, K., Müller, M., Kölln, K., Hamilton, M., Burghammer, M., Roth, S.V., Stanzl-Tschegg, S.E. and Fratzl, P., Nature Materials, vol. 2, 810–814, 2003.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Gierlinger, N., Schwanninger, M., Reinecke, A. and Bürgert, I., Biomacromolecules, vol. 7, 2077–2081, 2006.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Fratzl, P., Bürgert, I. and Gupta, H.S., Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., vol. 6, 5575–5579, 2004.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • I. Burgert
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiomaterialsMax Planck Institute of Colloids and InterfacesPotsdamGermany

Personalised recommendations