The Emergence of More Dynamic Counselling Methods

  • Norman Amundson
  • Erin Thrift

As we move into the 21st century there is little doubt that social and labour market changes (globalisation, demographic shifts, advances in technology and information processing) have created a very different type of workplace (Amundson, Jang, & To, 2004; Feller, 2003; Herr, 1999). In the middle of the 20th century there seemed to be many jobs and lots of possibilities for anyone with skills and a good work ethic. This was followed by a period of imbalance in the 1980s and 1990s during which there seemed to be too many workers and too few jobs. This downturn created more contract workers and also changed the attitude of many people towards work. The psychological contract between workers and employers changed with the downturn and workers realised that they must assume greater responsibility for directing their own career development. And now we find ourselves changing again, this time driven by fears that there won’t be enough skilled trades or professional workers to compete effectively in a global market place. These changes have helped to set a new agenda for many governments and companies. There is now a greater focus on learning, a desire to look more closely at prior learning assessment, and increased interest in a more global economy and the movement of workers from one country to another.


Career Development Psychological Contract Chaos Theory Career Counselling Counselling Process 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media B.V 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Norman Amundson
    • 1
  • Erin Thrift
    • 1
  1. 1.The University of British ColumbiaCanada

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