The effect of stable stratification on fluid particle dispersion
The dispersion of fluid particles in statistically stationary stably stratified turbulence is studied by means of direct numerical simulations. Due to anisotropy of the flow, horizontal and vertical dispersion show different behavior. Single-particle dispersion in horizontal direction is similar to that in isotropic turbulence for short times, but shows a long-time growth rate larger than ∝ t. In vertical direction three successive regimes can be identified: a classical t 2-regime, a plateau which scales as N −2 and a diffusion limit ∝ t. By forcing the flow and performing long-time simulations we were able to observe this last regime, which was predicted but not observed before in purely stratified forced turbulence. A model based on the assumed shape of the velocity autocorrelation function correctly predicts these three regimes. The vertical mean-squared separation of particle pairs shows two plateaus that are not present in isotropic turbulence. They can be linked with characteristics of the flow. Also here the diffusion limit is found.
KeywordsDirect Numerical Simulation Particle Dispersion Isotropic Turbulence Inertial Range Initial Separation
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