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Green Cryosestic Algae

  • Jiří Komárek
  • Linda Nedbalová
Part of the Cellular Origin, Life in Extreme Habitats and Astrobiology book series (COLE, volume 11)

Cryoseston inhabits one of the most extreme environments in the Earth biosphere. The phototrophic components are composed exclusively from microorganisms, adapted to life conditions of melting snow. All species occurring in cryosestic assemblages evidently colonised the snowfields secondarily, their ancestors originating from other habitats.

Cryosestic communities develop in snowfields and on the surface of glaciers, where the temperature surpasses 0ºC periodically (daily, or over variously long time periods), and the snow changes locally from solid to liquid state. It means, that the temperature adaptability of cryosestic species must allow to start the intense metabolic activities immediately after melting their cells accommodated in snow. Such adaptation also occurs in algae from other biotopes (in subaerophytic, endolithic and terrestrial habitats), but it is the conditio sine qua non in typical cryosestic algae. Another precondition is that the cryosestic microflora can develop only in snowfields and glaciers remaining and persisting in air temperatures above 0ºC over some periods, and under convenient irradiance conditions (cf. Hoham and Duval, 2001). This situation occurs mainly in mountains and polar and subpolar regions over the spring and summer periods.

Keywords

Liquid Water Content South Orkney Island Photon Fluence Rate Polar Biol Secondary Carotenoid 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jiří Komárek
    • 1
    • 2
  • Linda Nedbalová
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute of BotanyAcademy of Sciences of the Czech RepublicCzech Republic
  2. 2.University of South BohemiaCzech Republic
  3. 3.Charles University in PraguePragueCzech Republic

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