The Assessment and Management of Industrial Chemicals in Canada

  • M.E. Meek
  • V.C. Armstrong

The chemical industry is one of the largest manufacturing sectors in Canada and employs more than 90,000 people; nearly every major global chemical company in the world has production or research and development facilities. In 2003, more than two thousand companies, including 21 of the 25 world’s largest manufacturers, had operations in this country.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Government of Canada. 2006. Invest in Canada: chemical sector. http://www.investincanada.comen921Industry. html June 23, 2006.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Environment Canada. 1999. Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999 (CEPA-1999). CEPARegistry/the_act/Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Canada. 1994. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA-1988). Office Consolidation. R.S., 1985, c. 16 (4th Supp.). Minister of Supply and Services Canada, 1994, ISBN 0-61326-0.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    CEPA (Canadian Environmental Protection Act), 1999. Statutes of Canada 1999. Chapter 33. Act assented to 14 September 1999. Environment Canada, Ottawa, Canada.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    A Canada-wide accord on environmental harmonization. harmonization.pdfGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment. 1998. Guide to the Canada-wide accord on environmental harmonization. accord_e.pdfGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    The Food and Drugs Act (FDA). en/F-27/ Concluding remarks 615Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    The Feeds Act. Scholar
  9. 9.
    The Fertilizers Act. index.htmlGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Government of Canada. 1985. Environmental Contaminants Act, R.S.C. (1985), c. E-12.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Environment Canada. 1983. New chemicals workshop, EPS 3-EP-83-4, September, 1983 (ISBN: 0-662-12519- 3). Ottawa, Canada.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Environmental Contaminants Act Consultative Committee. 1986. Final report of the Environmental Contaminants Act Consultative Committee (ISBN 0-662- 15047-3), Ottawa, Canada.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Government of Canada. 2007. ‘‘Overview of the Existing Substances Program’’. April 2007 compact disk, Existing Substances Program, Environment Canada, Gatineau, Quebec.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Government of Canada. 2005. New substances notification regulations (chemicals and polymers). http:// e.htmlGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Government of Canada. 2005. New substances notification regulations (organisms). http://canadagazette. Scholar
  16. 16.
    Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development. 1982. Decision of the Council concerning the minimum pre-marketing set of data in the assessment of chemicals, C(32) 196 (final). OECD, Paris, France.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Environment Canada. 2006. The Domestic Substances List. Domestic.cfmGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Environment Canada. 2006. The Non-Domestic Substances List. subs_list/NonDomestic.cfmGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Government of Canada. 2005. Guidelines for the notification and testing of new substances: chemicals and polymers, pursuant to Section 69 of the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999. Version 2005 (ISBN 0-662-69285-3 Cat. no.: En84-25/2005 EPS M-688). Ottawa, Canada.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Government of Canada. Assessing chemicals for risk: protection the health of Canadians and their environment, undated pamphlet.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Commissioner for the environment and sustainable development. Understanding the risks from toxic substances: cracks in the foundation of the Federal House. html/c903ce.htmlGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Environment Canada. Identifying risk management tools for toxic substances under CEPA 1999. ca/CEPARegistry/gene_info/fact_02.cfmGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Environment Canada. 1995. Toxic substances management policy. Scholar
  24. 24.
    Health Canada. 2000. Decision-making framework for identifying, assessing, and managing health risks. http:// cp-pc_e.htmlGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Health Canada. 2005. Draft ‘‘maximal’’ list of substances prioritized by Health Canada for consideration in screening assessment under CEPA 1999. http://www.hcsc. index_e.htmlGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    International Programme on Chemical Safety. 2007. Concise International Assessment Documents (CICADs). htmlGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Health Canada. 2004. Health state of the science report for 1,2-dibromoethane pubs/contaminants/existsub/dibromoethane/index_e.htmlGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Meek ME, Patterson J, Strawson J, Liteplo R. 2007. Engaging expert peers in the development of risk assessments. Risk Analysis(in press).Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Seed J, Carney EW, Corley RA, Crofton KM, DeSesso JM, Foster PMD, Kavlock R, Kimmel G, Klaunig J, Meek ME, Preston RJ, Slikker W, Tabacova S, Williams GM, Wiltse J, Zoeller RT, Fenner-Crisp P, Patton, DE. 2005. Overview: Using mode of action and life stage information to evaluate the human relevance of animal toxicity data. Crit Rev Toxicol35:663-672.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Final health state of the science report on PFOS. http:// pfos-spfo/intro_e.html{#}aGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Health Canada. Human health risk assessment for priority substances. pubs/contaminants/existsub/approach/index_e.html.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development. Manual for investigation of high production volume chemicals. Chapter 2. SIDS, the SIDS plan and the SIDS dossier. dataoecd/60/43/1947477.pdfGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Environment Canada. Persistence and bioaccumulation regulations. regulations/DetailReg.cfm?intReg=35Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    United Nations. 1992. Principle 15 of the Rio Declaration on environment and development. United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, Rio de Janeiro, 1992. multilingual/Default.asp?DocumentID=78&ArticleID=1 163&l=enGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Environment Canada. CEPA Environmental Registry. Current regulations. Toxic Substances List-Updated Schedule 1 as of December 27, 2006. ca/CEPARegistry/subs_list/Toxicupdate.cfm . 616 The assessment and management of industrial chemicals in CanadaGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Environment Canada. 2007. Understanding the toxics management process. index.cfm February 2.Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    MacDonald S. Head, Toxic Substances Section, Health Environments and Consumer Safety Branch, Health Canada. Personal communication, November 2006.Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    The Government of Canada. Challenge for chemical substances that are a high priority for action. http://www. notice-avis_e.htmlGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • M.E. Meek
  • V.C. Armstrong

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations