Advertisement

Modeling Nematodes Regulation By Bacterial Endoparasites

  • Aurelio Ciancio
Part of the Integrated Management of Plant Pests and Diseases book series (IMPD, volume 2)

Abstract

Some aspects of nematodes regulation by Pasteuria penetrans and other endoparasitic Gram-negative bacteria are revised, together with application modeling tools, in reference to their biocontrol potentials. A review is given about general and more detailed epidemiological models and their applications. The models constants accounting for basic biological factors of the parasites and hosts biology and interactions, are also discussed. Some properties of applied models, including the phase plane representation, the identification of equilibrium points and their cyclic relationships are revised, in reference to the study of field and time series data. A modeling scheme for Pasteuria and nematode dynamics, accounting for the host life cycle and including its developmental stages, is also proposed. Finally, experimental and practical issues concerning nematodes biological control are also discussed.

Keywords

Plant Parasitic Nematode Nematophagous Fungus Invertebrate Pathology Bacterial Parasite Phytoparasitic Nematode 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Aksoy, H. M., & Mennan, S. (2004). Biological control of Heterodera cruciferae (Tylenchida: Heteroderinae) Franklin 1945 with fluorescent Pseudomonas spp. Journal of Phytopathology, 152, 514–518.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Amman, R. I., Ludwig, W., & Schleifer, K. H. (1995). Phylogenetic identification and in situ detection of individual microbial cells without cultivation. Microbiological Reviews, 59, 143–169.Google Scholar
  3. Anderson, R. M., & May, R. M. (1981). The population dynamics of microparasites and their invertebrate hosts.Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, 291, 451–524.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Anderson, J. M., Preston, J. F., Dickson, D. W., Hewlett, T. E., Williams, N. H. & Maruniak, J. E. (1999). Phylogenetic analysis of Pasteuria penetrans by 16S rRNA gene cloning and sequencing. Journal of Nematology, 31, 319–325.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Atibalentja, N., Noel, G. R., Liao, T. F., & Gertner, G. Z.(1998). Population changes in Heterodera glycinesand its bacterial parasite Pasteuriasp. in naturally infested soil. Journal of Nematology, 30, 81–92.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Atibalentja, N., Noel, G., & Ciancio, A. (2004). A Simple method for the extraction, PCR-amplification, cloning, and sequencing of Pasteuria 16S rDNA from small numbers of endospores. Journal of Nematology, 36, 100–105.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Cetintas, R., Lima, R. D., Mendes, M. L., Brito, J. A., & Dickson, D. W. (2003). Meloidogyne javanicaon peanut in Florida. Journal of Nematology, 35, 433–436.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Christiansen, F. B., & Fenchel, T. M. (1977). Theories of populations in biological communities. In Ecological studies series (Vol. 20, 144 pp.). Springler-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York.Google Scholar
  9. Ciancio, A. (1995). Density dependent parasitism of Xiphinema diversicaudatum by Pasteuria penetrans in naturally infested soil. Phytopathology, 85, 144–149.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Ciancio, A., & Roccuzzo, G. (1992). Observations on a Pasteuria sp. parasitic in Tylenchulus semipenetrans. Nematologica, 38, 403–403.Google Scholar
  11. Ciancio, A. (1996). Time delayed parasitism and density-dependence in Pasteuria spp. and host nematode dynamics. Nematropica, 26, 251 [Abstract].Google Scholar
  12. Ciancio, A. & Quenehervé, P. (2000). Population dynamics of Meloidogyne incognita and infestation levels by Pasteuria penetrans in a naturally infested field in Martinique. Nematropica, 30, 77–86.Google Scholar
  13. Ciancio, A., Leonetti, P. & Finetti Sialer, M. M. (2000). Detection of nematode antagonistic bacteria by fluorogenic molecular probes. EPPO/OEPP Bulletin, 30, 563–569.Google Scholar
  14. Ciancio, A., Bonsignore, R., Vovlas, N., & Lamberti, F. (1994). Host records and spore morphometrics of Pasteuria penetrans group parasites of nematodes. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 63, 260–267.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Ciancio, A., Loffredo, A., Paradies, F., Turturo, C., & Finetti-Sialer, M. (2005). Detection of Meloidogyne incognita and Pochonia chlamydosporia by fluorogenic molecular probes. OEPP/EPPO Bulletin, 35, 157–164.Google Scholar
  16. Couillault, C., & Ewbank, J. J. (2002). Diverse bacteria are pathogens of Caenorhabditis elegans. Infection and Immunity, 70, 4705–4707.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Davies, K. G., Flynn, C. A., Laird, V., & Kerry, B. R. (1990). The life-cycle, population dynamics and host specificity of a parasite of Heterodera avenae similar to Pasteuria penetrans. Revue de Nématologie, 13, 303–309.Google Scholar
  18. Davies, K. G., Laird, V., & Kerry, B. R. (1991). The motility, development and infection of Meloidogyne incognita encumbered with spores of the obligate hyperparasite Pasteuria penetrans. Révue de Nematologie, 14, 611–618.Google Scholar
  19. Davies, K. G., Fargette, M., Balla, G., Daudi, A. Duponnois, R., Gowen, S. R., et al. (2001). Cuticle heterogeneity as exhibited by Pasteuria spore attachment is not linked to the phylogeny of parthenogenetic root-knot nematodes (Meloidogyne spp.). Parasitology, 122, 11–120.Google Scholar
  20. Davies, K. G., & Williamson, V. M. (2006). Host specificity exhibited by populations of endospores of Pasteuria penetrans to the juvenile and male cuticles of Meloidogyne hapla. Nematology, , 475–476.Google Scholar
  21. Drechsler, C. (1934). Organs of capture in some fungi preying on nematodes. Mycologia, 26, 135–144.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Duddington, C.L. (1957). The friendly fungi (p. 188). London: Faber & Faber.Google Scholar
  23. Ebert, D., Rainey, P., Embley T. M., & Scholz, D. (1996). Development, life cycle, ultrastructure and phylogenetic position of Pasteuria ramosa Metchnikoff 1888: rediscovery of an obligate endoparasite of Daphnia magna Straus. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B, 351, 1689–1701.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Esnard, J., Potter, T. L., & Zuckerman, B. M. (1995). Streptomyces costaricanus sp. nov., isolated from nematode-suppressive soil. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 45, 775–779.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Fould, S., Dieng, A. L., Davies, K. G., Normand, P., & Mateille, T. (2001). Immunological quantification of the nematode parasitic bacterium Pasteuria penetrans in soil. FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 37, 187–195.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Galeano, M., Verdejo-Lucas, S., & Ciancio, A. (2003). Morphology and ultrastructure of a Pasteuria form parasitic in Tylenchorhynchus cylindricus(Nematoda). Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 83, 83–85.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Giblin-Davis, R. M., McDaniel, L. L., & Bilz, F. G. (1990). Isolates of the Pasteuria penetrans group from phytoparasitic nematodes in bermudagrass turf. Journal of Nematology, (Suppl.), 22, 750–762.Google Scholar
  28. Giblin-Davis, R. M., Williams, D. S., Bekal, S., Dickson, D. W., Brito, J. A., Becker, J. O., et al. (2003). Candidatus ‘Pasteuria usgae’ sp. nov., an obligate endoparasite of the phytoparasitic nematode Belonolaimus longicaudatus. International Journal of Systematic Evolutive Microbiology, 53, 197–200.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Gowen, S. R., & Tzortzakakis, E. (1992) Biological control of Meloidogyne spp. with Pasteuria penetrans. EPPO/OEPP Bulletin, 24, 495–500.Google Scholar
  30. Gray, N. F. (1988). Fungi attacking vermiform nematodes. In G. O. Poinar & H. B. Jansson (Eds.), Diseases of nematodes (Vol. 2, pp. 3–8). CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.Google Scholar
  31. Hamid, M., Siddiqui, I. A., & Shaukat, S. S. (2003). Improvement of Pseudomonas fluorescens CHA0 biocontrol activity against root-knot nematode by the addition of ammonium molibdate. Letters in Applied Microbiology, 36, 239–244.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. Hassel, M. P. (1978). The dynamics of arthropod predator-prey systems (p. 237). USA: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  33. Hirsh, P. R., Mauchline, T. H. Mendum, T. H., & Kerry, B. R. (2000). Detection of the nematophagous fungus Verticillium chlamydosporium in nematode-infested plant roots using PCR. Mycological Research, 104, 435–439.Google Scholar
  34. Hirsh, P. R., Atkins, S. D., Mauchline, T. H., Morton, O. C., Davies, K. G., & Kerry, B. R. (2001). Methods for studying the nematophagous fungus Verticillium chlamydosporium in the root environment. Plant and Soil, 232, 21–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Jaffee, B. A. (1992). Population biology and biological control of nematodes. Canadian Journal of Microbiology, 38, 359–364.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Jaffee, B. A. (2000). Augmentation of soil with the nematophagous fungi Hirsutella rhossiliensis and Arthrobotrys haptotyla. Phytopathology, 90, 498–504.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  37. Jaffee B. A. (2003). Correlations between most probable number and activity of nematode-trapping fungi. Phytopathology, 93, 1599–1605.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  38. Jaffee, B. A., & McInnis, T. M. (1991). Sampling strategies for detection of density-dependent parasitism of soil-borne nematodes by nematophagous fungi. Revue de Nematologie, 14, 147–150.Google Scholar
  39. Jaffee, B. A. & Muldoon, A. E. (1994). Susceptibility of root-knot and cyst nematodes to the nematode-trapping fungi Monacrosporium ellipsosporum and M. cionopagum. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 27, 1083–1090.Google Scholar
  40. Jaffee, B.A., Muldoon, A. E., Phillips, R., & Mangel, M. (1990).Rates of spore transmission, mortality, and production for the nematophagous fungus Hirsutella rhossiliensis. Phytopathology, 80, 1083–1088.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Jaffee, B., Phillips, R., Muldoon, A., & Mangel, M. (1992). Density-dependence host-pathogen dynamics in soil microcosms.Ecology, 73, 495–506.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Jonathan, E. I., Barker, K. R., Abdel-Alim, F. F., Vrain, T. C. & Dickson, D. W. (2000). Biological control of Meloidogyne incognita on tomato and banana with rhizobacteria, actinomycetes, and Pasteuria penetrans. Nematropica, 20, 231–240.Google Scholar
  43. Kasumimoto, T., Ikeda, R., & Kawada, H. (1993). Dose response of Meloidogyne incognita infecting cherry tomatoes to application of Pasteuria penetrans. Japanese Journal of Nematology, 23, 10–18.Google Scholar
  44. Mankau, R. (1975). Bacillus penetrans n. comb. causing a virulent disease of plant parasitic nematodes. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 26, 333–339.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Mauchline, T.H., Kerry, B. R., & Hirsch, P. R. (2002). Quantification in soil and the rhizosphere of the nematophagous fungus Verticillium chlamydosporiumby competitive PCR and comparison with selective plating. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 68, 1846–1853.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. McSorley, R., Dankers, W. H., Parrado, J. L. & Reynolds, J. S. (1985). Spatial distribution of the nematode community on Perrine Marl soil. Nematropica, 15, 77–92Google Scholar
  47. Metchnikoff, E. (1888). Pasteuria ramosa a répresentant des bacteries a division longitudinale. Annales de l’ Institut Pasteur, 2, 165–170.Google Scholar
  48. Noel, G. R., Atibalentja, N. & Domier, L. L. (2005). Emended description of Pasteuria nishizawae. International Journal of Systematic Evolutive Microbiology, 55, 1681–1685.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Nour, S. M., Lawrence, J. R., Zhu, H., Swerhone, G. D. W., Welsh, M., Welacky, T. W., et al. (2003). Bacteria associated with cysts of the soybean cyst nematode (Heterodera glycines). Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 69, 607–615.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Preston, J. F., Dickson, D. W., Maruniak, J. E., Nong, G., Brito, J. A., Schmidt, L. M., et al. (2003). Pasteuria spp.: systematics and phylogeny of these bacterial parasites of phytopathogenic nematodes. Journal of Nematology, 35, 198–207.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  51. Sayre, R. M., & Starr, M. P. (1985) Pasteuria penetrans (ex Thorne, 1940) nom. rev., comb. n., sp. n., a mycelial and endospore-forming bacterium parasitic in plant-parasitic nematodes. Proceedings of the Helminthological Society of Washington, 52, 149–165.Google Scholar
  52. Sayre, R. M., & Starr, M. P. (1988). Bacterial diseases and antagonism of nematodes. In G. O. Poinar & H. B. Jansson (Eds.), Diseases of nematodes (Vol. 1, pp. 69–101). CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.Google Scholar
  53. Schmidt, L. M., Preston, J. F., Nong, G., Dickson, D. W., & Aldrich, H. C. (2004). Detection of Pasteuria penetrans infection in Meloidogyne arenaria race 1 in planta by polymerase chain reaction. FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 48, 457–464.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  54. Siddiqi, Z. A., & Mahmood, I. (1999). Role of bacteria in the management of plant parasitic nematodes: a review. Bioresource Technology, 69, 167–179.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Starr, M. P., & Sayre, R. M. (1988). Pasteuria thornei sp. nov. and Pasteuria penetranssensu stricto emend., mycelial and endospore-forming bacteria parasitic, respectively, on plant parasitic nematodes of the genera Pratylenchus and Meloidogyne. Annales de l’ Institut Pasteur/ Microbiologie, 139, 11–31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Stirling, G. R. (1984). Biological control of Meloidogyne javanica with Bacillus penetrans. Phytopathology, 74, 55–60.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Stirling, G. R. (1991). Biological control of plant parasitic nematodes: progress, problems and prospects (p. 282). Oxon, UK: CAB International.Google Scholar
  58. Sturhan, D., Winkelheide, R., Sayre, R. M., & Wergin, W. P. (1994). Light and electron microscopical studies of the life-cycle and developmental stages of a Pasteuria isolate parasitizing the pea cyst nematode, Heterodera goettingiana. Fundamental and Applied Nematology, 17, 29–42.Google Scholar
  59. Taylor, L. R. (1961). Aggregation, variance and the mean. Nature, 189, 732–735.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Torsvik, V., Goksøyr, J., & Daae, F. L. (1990). High diversity in DNA of soil bacteria. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 56, 782–787.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  61. Tzortzakakis, E. A., & Gowen, S. R. (1994). Evaluation of Pasteuria penetrans alone and in combination with oxamyl, plant resistance and solarization for control of Meloidogyne spp. on vegetables grown in greenhouses in Crete. Crop Protection, 13, 455–462.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Verdejo-Lucas, S. (1992). Seasonal population fluctuations of Meloidogyne spp. and the Pasteuria penetrans group in kiwi orchards. Plant Disease, 76, 1275–1279.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Woronin, M. (1870). Sphaeria limaneae, Sordaria coprophila, S. firmiseda, Arthrobotris oligospora; Eurotium, Erysiphe, Cicinnobolus; nebst Bemerkungen uber die Geschlechtsorgane des Ascomyceten. In A. de Bary & M. Woronin (Eds.), Beiträge zur Morphologie und Physiologie der Pilze.Verlag von C. Winter Frankfurt a. M., Germany. (Vol. 7, pp. 325–360).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aurelio Ciancio
    • 1
  1. 1.Istituto per la Protezione delle Piante,CNRBariItaly

Personalised recommendations