Tools for the Trade: the International Business of the SIT
Historically the sterile insect technique (SIT) as part of area-wide integrated pest management (AW-IPM) programmes has been developed and implemented primarily by the public sector.With rising demand for the SIT, government production facilities have sold sterile insects to other governments to use in their own programmes. Although this trend is not conducive to commercial approaches, gradually new private production and markets are emerging. Commercial considerations, such as protection of intellectual property and elimination of below real-cost sterile insect supplies, are necessary for the SIT to thrive in the new model of using the technique for other than emergency programmes funded by governments. Furthermore, as the range of stakeholders involved in decisions about pesticide use and alternatives expands, benefit/cost analysis can be employed as a persuasive means for calculating the indirect benefits of using sterile insects, such as reduced environmental impacts. Recently, a model business plan for sterile insect production facilities was developed, drawing particularly on international experience with one pest species (the Mediterranean fruit fly Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann)). The plan includes a financial spreadsheet and other decision-making tools for managers to evaluate various options in the context of their specific location and potential markets. Progress also has been made in the area of harmonization of regulation of production, shipment and release of sterile insects through guidance from the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC). Such global agreements are important as the SIT evolves into an increasingly international business.
KEYWORDS SIT, commercial, business plan, benefit/cost analysis, contingent valuation, IPPC, Mediterranean fruit fly, sterile insect production facilities
KeywordsInternational Atomic Energy Agency Insect Pest International Business Contingent Valuation Indirect Benefit
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