Reactive filters for removal of dissolved metals in highway runoff

  • G Renman
  • M Hallberg
Part of the Alliance For Global Sustainability Bookseries book series (AGSB, volume 12)

A pilot-scale system consisting of presedimentation and a saturated downflow reactive bed filter was used for cleaning highway runoff. Blast furnace slag (BFS) and Polonite were selected as filter materials. A total suspended solids (TSSs) removal of over 99% was achieved. High removal performance was observed for dissolved Mn, Ni, Co, and Cu. In contrast Al was released after filtration. Metals were retained in the upper layer of the bed filters while a desorption was suggested to take place in the downward layers. This was probably attributed to the elevated salt levels during winter and the intermittent operation.

Keywords

Phosphorus Filtration Zeolite Sedimentation Cretaceous 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Hvitved-Jacobson T, Yousef YA (1991) Highway runoff quality, environmental impacts and control. Highway pollution, studies in environmental science. Elsevier, New York, pp 166, 170-171Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Barett ME, Irish L, Malina J, Charbeneau RJJ (1998) Characterisation of highway runoff in Austin Texas, Area. J Environ Eng 124:131-137CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Stockholm Vatten (2002) Klassificering av dagvatten och recipienter samt riktlinjer för reningskrav - Del 3 Rening av dagvatten (In Swedish)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Glenn DW, Sansalone JJ (2002) Accretion and partitioning of heavy metals associated with snow exposed to urban traffic and winter storm maintenance activities. II. J Environ Eng 128:167-185CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Legret M, Pagotto C (1999) Evaluation of pollutant loadings in the runoff waters from a major rural highway. Sci Tot Environ 235:143-150CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Sansalone JJ, Buchberger SG (1997) Partitioning and first flush of metals in urban roadway stormwater. J Environ Eng 123:134-143CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Hallberg M (2006) Suspended solids and metals in highway runoff- Implication for treatment systems. Licentiate thesis, Royal Institute of Technology, StockholmGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Pettersson T (1999) Stormwater ponds for pollution reduction. Ph.D. thesis, Department of Sanitary Engineering, Chalmers University of Technology, GöteborgGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ellis JB, Revitt DM, Shutes RBE, Langley JM (1994) The performance of vegetated biofilters for highway runoff control. Sci Tot Environ 146/147: 543-550CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Shutes RBE, Revitt DM, Lagerberg IM, Barraud VCE (1999) The design of vegetative constructed wetlands for the treatment of highway runoff. Sci Tot Environ 235:189-197CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Sriyaraj K, Shutes RBE (2001) An assessment of the impact of motorway runoff on a pond, wetland and stream. Environ Int 26:433-439CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Heinzman B (1994) Chem. Water Wastewater Treatment. III. Proceedings Of the 6th Gothenburg symposium 1994, Springer, Berlin, 283-296Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Bailey, SE, Olin, TJ, Bricka, RM, Adrian, DD (1999) A review of potentially low-cost sorbents for heavy metals. Water Res 33:2469-2479CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Kängsepp P, Hogland W, Mathiasson L (2003) Proceedings of Sardinia 2003, 9th international waste management and Landfill symposium, Cagliari, Italy, 6-10 October, p 278Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Papadopoulos A, Kapetanios EG, Loizidou M (1996) Application of chemical oxidation for the treatment of refractory substances in leachates. J Environ Sci Health A31:211-220CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Demir A, Gűnay A, Debik E (2002) Ammonium removal from aqueous solution by ion-exchange using packed bed natural zeolite. Water SA 28:29-335Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Gomonay VI, Golub NP, Szekeresh KY, Gomonay PV, Charmas B, Leboda R (2001) Adsorption of lead(II) ions on transcarpathian clinoptilolite. Ads Sci Technol 19:465-473CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Al-Asheh S, Banat F (2001) Adsorption of zinc and copper ions by the solid waste of the olive oil industry. Ads Sci Technol 19:117-129CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Ake CL, Mayura K, Huebner H, Bratton GR, Philips TD (2001) Developement of porous clay-based composites for the sorption of lead from water. J Toxicol Environ Health 63:459-475CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Brogowski Z, Renman G (2004) Characterization of Opoka as a basis for its use in wastewater treatment. Polish J Environ Stud 13:15-20Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Hylander LD, Simán G (2001) Plant availability of phosphorus sorbed to po-tential wastewater treatment materials. Biol Fertil Soils 34:42-48CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Renman G, Kietlińska A, Cucarella Cabañas V (2003) Ecosan closing the loop. Proceedings of the 2nd international symposium, 7-11 April, Lübeck, Germany, pp 573-576Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Kietlinska A, Renman G (2005) An evaluation of reactive filter media for treating landfill leachate. Chemosphere 61:933-940CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    American Water Works Association (AWWA) Water Quality & Treatment, A Handbook of Community Water Supply, 5th edn. McGraw-Hill, New York, p 8.79Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • G Renman
    • 1
  • M Hallberg
    • 1
  1. 1.Land & Water Resources EngineeringRoyal Institute of TechnologySweden

Personalised recommendations