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Abstract

In looking at gender differences in educational outcomes, it is important to distinguish between three sets of outcomes: (i) educational participation and attainment, that is, how far young women and men go within the educational system; (ii) educational achievement, that is, how well young men and women perform (for example, in terms of grades) at a given level of the educational system; and (iii) field of study, that is, the type of course taken within the educational system.

Keywords

Gender Difference Educational System Female Student Educational Outcome Classroom Interaction 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Emer Smyth
    • 1
  1. 1.Economic and Social Research InstituteDublinIreland

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