Following the photocurrent-to-voltage conversion performed by the transimpedance amplifier, the limiting amplifier provides additional voltage gain for the signal to satisfy the input sensitivity of the attached clock and data recovery circuit. The amplitude of the CDR input signal must not only exceed this value, the rise and fall times shall also allow for accurate detection of the zero crossings. Due to the signal amplification already operated in the TIA, noise may be less critical in the limiting amplifier, although this argument loses strength in advanced CMOS receivers operating at multi-gigabit data rates, where the achievable TIA gain tends to drop below the kiloohm barrier.


Magnetic Coupling Voltage Gain Differential Pair Gain Stage Spiral Inductor 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Copyright information

© Springer 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paul Muller
    • 1
  • Yusuf Leblebici
    • 2
  1. 1.Marvell SemiconductorEtoySwitzerland
  2. 2.École Polytechnique Fédérale de LausanneLausanneSwitzerland

Personalised recommendations