Cost-effectiveness Analysis of Reducing the Emission of Nitrogen Oxides in Asia

  • Ken Yamashita
  • Fumiko Ito
  • Keigo Kameda
  • Tracey Holloway
  • Matthew P. Johnston

The purpose of this study is to evaluate cost-effective reduction strategies for nitrogen oxides (NOx) in the Asian region. The source-receptor relationships of the Lagrangian “puff” model of long-range transportation, ATMOS-N, were used to calculate the wet/dry deposition of the nitrogen (N) in Asia. Critical loads of N deposition in Asia were calculated from the relationships between the critical load of sulfur (S) and balance of N in and out using the data of S critical load of RAINS-ASIA. The cost functions of N reduction of Asian countries were derived by the regression analysis with the data of cost functions of European countries used in RAINS. In order to assess the environmental impact, the gaps between N deposition and critical load of N were calculated. The emission of NOx was reduced in some cases of this model, and the changes of gaps between N deposition and critical load were observed as well as the changes of the reduction cost. It is shown that a uniform reduction of NOx emissions by countries in Asia is not cost-effective strategy.

Keywords

acid deposition Asia cost function critical load integrated assessment model nitrogen oxides RAINS-ASIA 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media B.V 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ken Yamashita
    • 1
  • Fumiko Ito
    • 2
  • Keigo Kameda
    • 3
  • Tracey Holloway
    • 4
  • Matthew P. Johnston
    • 4
  1. 1.Niigata Prefectural GovernmentNiigata CityJapan
  2. 2.Tokyo Metropolitan UniversityHachioji CityJapan
  3. 3.School of Policy StudiesKwansei Gakuin UniversityMita CityJapan
  4. 4.Center for Sustainability and the Global Environment (SAGE)University of Wisconsin — MadisonMadisonUSA

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